It depends on the laws in the country you were married in. But usually, you can only be married to one person at a time. So, if he was married to someone else when the two of you married then most likely your marriage is not valid.
You need to discuss this with an attorney in the country where this occurred.
California is a no fault state regarding Divorce. So the short answer to your question is yes you can obtain a divorce from your husband.
You have not provided enough information to provide an answer regarding support.
If he is working then yes you can obtain support I would suggest you contact the local bar assocation for a free attorney consult to provide you with more information.
Your marriage is less than one year. You maybe able to obtain a few months of support but you have not provided enough information to be able to intelligently answer this question.
Call your local Bar Assocation for a referral and discuss this with an attorney giving him/her a lot more facts.
Your ex was awarded the Home in question, but has not refinanced it. Yes you can Quit Claim the property to him but you then will have no control at all over the property.
You want to buy a new home but you need to get your name off of the old home.
I think you should go over all your options and the up and down sides to making this decision.
Contact a local attorney to obtain advice.
Well, did you use community funds to pay the annual payments for the policy? If the policy and payments were made all from separate funds since your separation then most likely it is your money. However, there maybe a support issue. You did not provide information as to each parties income.
You may want to speak to an attorney in your area, contact the local bar assocation for a referral.
You can not. With out a Will the distribution of the estate will follow the intestate laws. It is sad and unfortunate but if it had been really important to your brother, he should have made a Will.
I had a case like this that went to the Court of Appeal, Estate of Loren Shellenbarger, look it up it maybe helpful