You would probably only have a case if the disparate treatment was because of one of the protected classes: Age, Disability, Genetic Information, National Origin, Pregnancy, Race/Color, Religion or Sex/Gender. It doesn't look like it from what you wrote.
If you are treated differently just because someone is preferred, or because of their personality, or even because of their overall appearance, there is probably nothing you can do about it. Bosses can have favorites. Poor treatment isn't by...
Yes, harboring a fugitive is a federal crime. http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/1071
"Whoever harbors or conceals any person for whose arrest a warrant or process has been issued under the provisions of any law of the United States,
so as to prevent his discovery and arrest,
after notice or knowledge of the fact that a warrant or process has been issued for the apprehension of such person,
shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both;
While the criminal charges are pending, you can't make the claim against any government entity that the arrest was unlawful. You have to see the case through and get it dismissed first. This is your primary goal right now, focus on that. Also, I can't tell you how many people retort "Oh I'm going to sue the cops for this!" and then some bad evidence comes out in discovery that makes their position change.
The sheriff was acting on the information of his deputies and detectives. They have to...
Like Kevin mentioned, deviations from the written report will often persuade the prosecutor to offer a lesser charge instead of a DUI. DUIs carry extra punishments and are 'worse' on your record than other misdemeanors, so getting a reduction to a lesser charge like reckless driving or careless driving (names may vary state-to-state) is considered a 'win' in most circumstances. Be aware you will usually still have to complete classes, pay fines, etc.
It will probably NOT mean that the...
Get a private attorney because this is a good type of DUI case to defend, based on the stop. Here in Nevada I have had cases reduced or otherwise set for dismissal based on similar circumstances where there was no "probable cause" for a stop.
You *should* be afraid statements could be admissions because they usually are! Your refusal on the blood issue should not be a problem against you.
If a defendant agrees to waive the indictment process (or preliminary hearing process in other areas), the prosecutor can write up the charges and get the case set for trial with the bill of information.
According to Ohio Legal Services:
"A formal written accusation made by a prosecuting attorney charging a named person with a specific crime. An information can be used instead of an indictment by a grand jury except to charge offenses carrying a potential penalty of death or life...
If you have no record you stand a good chance (from this description of events) at getting something that will reduce to a lesser charge.
Expect to pay fines, be on probation for 1-3 years and do classes like anger management, counseling, etc.