Your status regarding your legal right to claim the tax dependency exemption for a minor child should have been set out in your original parental responsibility plan. It is independent of who has been awarded custody/primary care of the children. Unless the court also modified that part of the order, the original order still applies. If the original order was silent, you may need to ask the court to enter an order on this issue. This is important since current IRS automation will reject a...
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You can request a copy of all the tax returns he has ever filed in your name directly from the IRS. In addition, there is an innocent spouse exemption that you may qualify for if there are taxes or penalties owed. You may also have a civil claim against him for your share of any refund due or previously paid for 2011 if you file for divorce in district court this year.
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Go to the domestic relations clerk at the courthouse where your divorce was entered and ask for a certified copy of your decree. You will need an original for the Department of Motor Vehicles to change your name on your license.
You should contact an attorney to assist you. If there is a domestic violence case against him, and he is not showing up for visitations, many if not most courts will restrict visitation until both DV counseling has been completed and a history of reliable appearances for limited visits has been established.
You should contact the court clerk where your case is filed and the division clerk that your case was assigned to. First, see if the mediation agreement was ever entered by the judge. It could have been. If not, ask if you will need a hearing date to get it approved by the judge, and if so, for a hearing date to get it entered as an order. As a procedural matter, most stipulations (agreements signed by both parties) are entered by judges without court appearances by the parties. However,...