As tenant you are responsible for the condition of the property during your lease. If you sublet part of your leased premises, and your subtenant causes damage, as far as your landlord is concerned, you caused the damage. You could protect yourself some against this situation by requiring your subtenant to pay a security deposit as well.
Minnesota Statutes 593.50 prohibits an employer from discharging an employee due to jury service. The law only gives you 30 days from the termination to bring a lawsuit to recover the lost wages and an order for reinstatement. You need to act very quickly if you want to pursue this course of action.
Your question is a very common question in divorces. If you and your ex-husband were both responsible for the debt during the marriage, the divorce does not change your relationship with the creditor. You are still obligated to pay those debts. The divorce decree dictates that it is your ex-husband's responsibility to pay, but that does not alleviate your obligation. It means you may end up paying for debts allocated to him, but you can take him back to court to recover the money from him.
You should demand payment in writing. If your former employer fails to make payment after written demand, it may be subject to additional penalties which you could pursue either in small claims (conciliation) court. Otherwise, if you hire an attorney to recover your wages, your employer could be responsible to pay your attorney fees.
Unemployment will not cover unpaid past wages. However, wage claims against an employer are often times given preference over other debts if the company is being liquidated. In some cases, wage claims can be brought against the owners of a company directly. You should consult with an attorney to discuss all the facts and explore your options.
If you already earned the paycheck and you never signed a non-compete before, the employer probably has no right to withhold it or demand you sign a non-compete. You should speak with an attorney to discuss how best to address the situation.
Unless the contract says otherwise, your employer can certainly fire you if he finds out you are looking for another job. It does not matter whether looking for another job without notifying the employer is a breach of your agreement because the employer has the right to terminate you "at will." That means the employer does not need a reason to terminate your employment.
Generally, there will be some sort of swearing in for you to be under oath - this is the process where an officer or judge asks that you swear that you are telling the truth. However, if you are giving testimony at a hearing, even if this did not take place, you would be much safer to assume you are under oath.
The answer depends on the status of your corporation - does it have other shareholders? Are there debts that need to be satisfied? If it is a corporation and not an LLC or Partnership, the rules can be found at Minnesota Statutes sections 302A.701-791, which you can find here: https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=302A.