Yes, a cop's word would be considered evidence in court. As with all things in the court system, there are restrictions, exceptions, and exemptions on that evidence. If you believe you might be facing a probation violation, I would suggest you contact a criminal defense attorney that works on probation violations.
First, do not speak to the police without your attorney present and after discussing it with your attorney. Yes, you need an attorney, these are very serious allegations. Second, don't post details of the event on public forums, (such as this one). It is important to ask general questions, but keep the information to a minimum. Finally, get an attorney as soon as possible.
There are at least two sides to a DUI, the civil license revocation and the criminal charges. I would encourage you to speak to an attorney near you to discuss your case in more detail.
The statute of limitations in Minnesota is 3 years, however, most cases are filed within the first 3 months.
If your Girlfriend was operating a bicycle or motorcycle, then she may have a defense under Minn. Stat. 169.06 (9), but otherwise it is unlikely that she has a defense based on the information you provided.
You need to speak to an attorney directly who handles DUI cases. There are two aspects to a DUI, the criminal and the civil. In regards to the criminal charges, you may be able to apply for a public defender depending on your income level. If you don't, I strongly encourage you to retain legal counsel.
Even if you get a public defender to represent you in the criminal case, you will need to challenge any license revocation as well. A public defender does not represent you in that case,...
According to the new law that took affect January 1st, it is possible to expunge DUIs. That being said, there is currently no meaningful way to expunge these from your driving record at this time. Many criminal attorneys offer free consultations and would be happy to speak to you more in-depth about your options.
The best thing to do is to contact a criminal defense attorney in your area. Many of us will offer free initial consultations, and be happy to explain the process, your options, and answer many of your initial questions. Since this is a first offense, attorney may be able to provide you with options to keep this off of your record. The most important thing for you to do at this point in time is speak to an attorney near you in person.
It's possible, although there are no guarantees. For the best possible outcome, you should consult with an attorney in person. Many criminal defense attorneys will offer free consultations to answer your initial questions, explain the process, and let you know what potential outcomes you may be facing. I would encourage you to sit down with them and find an attorney that would work well with you.
Unfortunately, your legal analysis is incorrect. Evidence used against you in a criminal trial can be used against you in a civil case. The right, which I suspect you are speaking of double jeopardy, would not apply in this case. In addition, since the burden of proof is different, the defendant/respondent can lose the exact same case in a civil trial that they won in a criminal trial.