Far too little information. If you think you have an employment discrimination case, there are many lawyers who specialize is that area of law, and you undoubtedly can find one who will talk to you without an fee or with a small consultation fee. Find one on the internet or from the bar association referral service and get some real advice.
You surely have liability insurance, and you should notify your insurance carrier or agent of this situation immediately. They are obligated to defend you. Otherwise, if you're not willing to pay (and I'm certainly not saying that you should; who nows?) you had better hire a lawyer to represent you.
Not enough information. Sometimes payments are delayed based on the settlement contract. If your case has been resolved, you must have signed a settlement agreement: You need to review it and see what it says, and you need to reach out to your lawyer and insist, in a polite but businesslike manner, that your questions be answered to your satisfaction. (Don't forget: The lawyer works for you--not the other way around.)
Nonpayment of a judgment will almost surely not result in your arrest, although if you are summoned to court for what is called a "judgment debtor examination" and fail to appear, you can be arrested in order to ensure that you show up. If the judgment is not for fraud, you may be able to discharge it in bankruptcy and based on what you're saying you should consult a bankruptcy attorney as soon as possible--why would you wait?
If you were a Medicare or Medicaid patient, such conduct would be illegal if it could be shown to have been intentional. This practice is called "upcoding" and, unfortunately, is all too common. If you have private insurance, you might consider reporting this abusive practice to the fraud hotline which your insurance company probably has. It is important not to simply let this lie, because, if it happened just as you say, it is flat wrong (and you were overcharged).
Bad things happen in jail, and the government and its employees have a lot of protection against lawsuits. You should at least consider finding a good civil rights lawyer in your general area and seeing if she is willing to take your case. Unless serious harm resulted from the events, such a lawyer will likely decline, which will be a sign that you might consider moving on. In any event, I'd suggest talking to possible counsel before striking out on your own with the press or whatever,...
The military is generally immune from suit by soldiers. Search the term "Feres doctrine" and you will find all the information you need. Your best bet may be to seek out the resources of the VA and attempt to document the harm that was done to you and its service connection, which may entitle you to additional VA benefits.
Your remedy is to file for review of your discharge status, and having been in the Army, you won't be surprised to learn that there is a form for that--the DD293. You also won't be surprised that it is a hard way to go. However, I am reasonably sure that you can't sue the Army over your discharge status--and certainly not without going through the Review of Discharge Status procedure first. A good place to start is with one of the excellent Veterans Service Organizations, such as the DAV or...
A lawyer's duty is to her client. if you were not represented by the lawyer, then the lawyer owed you no duty and had no obligation to you at all, and could not have "neglected your rights" where the matter in court "did not concern" you.
Wow--that's no fun. As you describe the fee contract, you are entitled to a bill which provides some level of detail regarding the work she has done for you, and should respectfully (as you presumably would with anyone who was doing work for you) insist upon receiving a bill so that you can evaluate your situation.
Attorneys generally have a lien against settlement proceeds. However, that applies only to fees required to be paid by the fee contract, and those fees have to be reasonable....