Your friend's conviction is for a an offense relating to a controlled substance and therefore subjects him to possible deportation. The fact that it is a misdemeanor is irrelevant in this context. Depending on the specific facts of his case he may, however, be eligible for relief from deportation in the form of a waiver granted by an Immigration Judge.
Your friend should consult with an experienced immigration attorney immediately. His failure to do so could result in his deportation from...
If you knew you did not qualify then it was foolish to submit an application. You are correct in believing that a denial may lead to a Notice to Appear being issued by USCIS assuming you are otherwise amenable to removal proceedings.
Generally speaking, if you are clearly not eligible then you are most likely better off withdrawing the application, but whether that is true depends upon the specific facts of your case. Just because you have withdrawn your application does not mean that an...
Assuming the immigration inspector believes that you continue to be a
bona fide visitor and maintain a foreign residence you have no intention
of abandoning, the fact that you registered for the DV lottery should
not preclude your admission to the U.S. as a visitor.
The short answer is that you don't need a lawyer to do anything. You can be your plumber as well. Whether that is wise is another story.
The advantage of having an experienced immigration attorney representing you is that you will be sure that you satisfy all of the requirements for the benefit you seek (in this case naturalization) and that the applications will be prepared not only promptly, but correctly. An attorney will also be able to explain and prepare your for, the interview and...
Since your spouse is out of status he is ineligible for adjustment of status in the U.S. so long as you are an LPR. You are correct, however, in that he has apparently not accrued any unlawful presence while in the U.S. due to the fact that he was admitted for duration of status. The big elephant in the room is whether 2nd preference priority dates will stay current long enough for him to consular process.
Depending on when you will become eligible for naturalization, there may still be a...
Your son's criminal history can certainly prevent approval of his application depending upon the specific facts. Additionally, it most certainly will lead to delays in the clearance of any background checks.
Consult with an experienced immigration attorney for case specific advice.
You can file an application 90 days in advance of the 5th anniversary of
your becoming a lawful permanent resident. Each person must qualify for
naturalization in their own right. Thus, family members must satisfy
the residence requirements on their own. Also, keep in mind that
children under 18 years of age cannot apply for naturalization, though
they may derive naturalization from their parents.
The answer to your question will depend upon the criminal charges filed against your husband. You should retain criminal counsel to handle the criminal matter as well as immigration counsel to work with your criminal attorney to facilitate an outcome that will not cause any immigration problems. Nonetheless, the offense will need to be disclosed to USCIS as part of the application process.
Generally speaking, if you obtain your residence through the Cuban Adjustment Act, your spouse, even if not Cuban, can also obtain residence through the CAA so long as you are residing in marital union. The location and timing of your marriage is not necessarily important. Consult with an experienced immigration attorney who advice how best to proceed given the facts of your case.
The information you have received is incorrect. There are no derivative beneficiaries in immediate relative cases (e.g. spouse of a U.S. citizen). Generally speaking the quickest way for your child to join you in the U.S. will be for your U.S. citizen spouse to petition for the child as he step-child (so long as the child was under 18 years old at the time of your marriage). Consult with an experienced immigration attorney for advice specific to your situation.