You should probably wait until he amends his tax returns. Evne though you are not working it is important to show USCIS that you are coupkle and share money. Joint tax returns is one of the best ways to prove a bona fide marriage. It should not take that long to amend the returns. You may want to consult an accountant. I also urge you to consult an attorney before you file. It may seem like you cannot afford one but is much better to hire an attorney in the first place than get a negative...
The important part in your case will be convincing the Custom Border Patrol agent that you will only be in the US for a brief period. If you have a job waiting for you in your home country you should bring a letter from that employer. You must show that you have serious ties to your home country. Bank statements, a lease and any other documents showing that you have strong connections to your home country will greatly increase your chances of entry being approved.
It is advisable that you...
You need to consult with an attorney as soon as possible. Your attorney will need to file a motion to reoopen and an emergency stay for your husband. You will need to provide doucmentation proving that you were not in the US when the paper called a Notice to Appear was sent to your address. Consult an experienced deportation attorney right away.
It is important that you consult an immigration attorney. Although you will be eligible to apply for citizenship after having permanent residence for 4 years and 9 months there are other important factors that determine whether your application for citizenship will be approved, i.e. any criminal record or unpaid taxes. Once an immigration attorney has assisted you with the citizenship application if appropriate, they can also assist with your other questions.
Tax returns are a good start, but there are other assets that be presented to assist in the affidavit of support. If the joint sponsor owns their house that may be used as evidence of ability to provide for your husband. It is best to consult an immigration attorney to assist you with this issue.
Generally speaking the fact that you are unemployed does not stop you from applyinf for citizenship. As long as you continue to file taxes you should be okay. There are many other factors that can impact your citizenship application such as time spent in the US, and any possible criminal record. I urge you to consult an immigration attorney. Your wife can only obtain a green card after you become a citizen.
There is a time period of 3 years between the time yoour wife obtains her green card...
You will not be allowed to work. Your sister must first file an I-130 petition with immigration services. It generally takes over 10 years for immigration services to process this petition. You can only apply for your green card when the Dept of State visa bulletin says the date yor sister files her petition is current. You may have other options available and I recommend that you consult an immigration attorney.
Sham & Stamatin LLP
353 W. 48th Street, 4th Floor
More facts are needed to answer this inquiry. On its face a foreign national married to a green card holder does not allow the foreign national to obtain a green card. Normally the green card holder would have to first apply for citizenship. Overstaying a visa is never a good thing. You should consult an immigration attorney.
Sham & Stamatin LLP
353 W. 48th Street, 4th. Fl.
New York, NY 10036
Generally you are allowed to leave the US after submitting your N-400 application. However I would not recommend leaving for a month. After you submit your application you are required to go to a local immigration office to be fingerprinted. You musy be fingerpinted for your case to go forward. Generally applications in New York are taking between 4-6 months to be processed. I would strongly urge you to consult an attorney before submitting your application as there are several areas that...
Generally the answer to your question is no. Only the USC husband can file a petition for you to become eligible to apply for a green card. One major exception to this rule is if there was domestic abuse committed against you. But you say he has left. You should consult an attorney to go over your options.