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About me

I have been involved in franchising for over 40 years.  In 1971 I became Vice President and General Counsel at Swensen's Ice Cream Company and remained with the company for 8 1/2 years as it grew internationally from 10 to over 300 stores .  I then went into private legal practice counselling start up and seasoned franchising companies as well as serving as an expert witness in franchising litigation and arbitration matters.  I became "of counsel" to the Bartko law firm in 1999 specializing in the same practice area.  I was one of the first five lawyers in California to be certified as a specialist in franchise and distribution law by the State Bar of California's Board of Legal Specialization.  I was the only franchise transactional lawyer in Northern California listed in Who's Who Legal's 2015 Franchise Law edition.  I write frequently about franchising issues for legal publications. I have helped create franchising programs for a wide variety of businesses including restaurants, fitness studios, specialty coffee cafes, real estate brokerages, personnel agencies, clothing retailers, and many more.  


Franchising is a fascinating area of the law.  The franchise relationship is complicated.  Experienced counsel with practical experience in the intracacies of that relationship is essential when designing,  documenting and assisting with the legal compliance necessary for a franchised system as well as the ongoing counselling of the operators of a franchised system.


Contact info

Bartko, Zankel, Bunzel & Miller, Professional Corporation

One Embarcadero Center.
Suite. 800
San Francisco, CA, 94111

Practice areas


  1. Franchising: 90%
    40 years, 75 cases
  2. Business: 10%

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Avvo contributions
Legal answers
Award nameGrantorDate granted
Who's Who Legal FranchiseWho's Who Legal2015
Certified Specialist in Franchise and Distribution LawState Bar Of California2008
Order of the CoifUniversity of California1965
Note and Comment EditorCalifornia Law Review1964
Work experience
TitleCompany nameDuration
Of CounselBartko, Zankel, Bunzel & Miller1999 - Present
AttorneyDarryl A. Hart, Attorney at Law1981 - 1999
Senior Vice President and General CounselSwensen's Ice Crfeam Compnay1971 - 1981
AttorneyDarryl A. Hart, Attorney at Law1970 - 1971
AssociateLong & Levit1969 - 1970
Assistant Minority CounselUnited States Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs1967 - 1968
AssociateLoeb & Loeb1965 - 1966
Association namePosition nameDuration
State Bar of CaliforniaMemberN/A
American Bar Association, Forum on FranchisingMemberN/A
State Bar of CaliforniaVice-Chair Franchise Legislation Committee1982 - 1985
Publication nameTitleDate
LJN Franchise and Business Law ReportCourt Watch2016
American Bar Association, The Franchise LawyerNo Joint Employer Liability for Domino's in California2014
Managing Legal Issues in FranchisingHelping Clients Write Good Franchise Agreements2013
School nameMajorDegreeGraduated
University of California at Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of LawLawJD - Juris Doctor1965
University of California - BerkeleyN/ABA - Bachelor of Arts1960
Speaking engagements
Conference nameTitleDate
U.S. Small Business AdministrationFranchisingN/A
Entrepreneurship ClassFranchisingN/A
Business SchoolBuying a FranchiseN/A
Business SchoolFranchising a BusinessN/A
Business SchoolFranchisingN/A
American Bar Association Forum on FranchisingTransfers of FranchisesN/A