you would go after the car that rearended you to recover. Do you recall who you hit first? Was anyone injured? If not, your insurance company should be handling all of these issues, but consult an attorney before you sign off on anything.
The purpose of naming a DOE defendant in a complaint is to enable yourself to add more defendants if during the course of discovery, more viable parties are revealed. In some cases, it is sufficient to have only 10 Doe defendants. It is customary to have up to 100. It will not cost you more to have 10 or 100, but you will have to pay to "Doe" a defendant in (bring in a new party via a Doe Amendment).
California, in general, has an open policy on discovery. California courts like to err on the side of disclosure. However, if your case qualifies for Federal court, it might mean that the defendant and their attorneys are not in California, meaning they would not have the same internal policy and may challenge discovery a bit more. Federal court has certain statutory requirements as to discovery, where certain discovery is required without any party action. However, Federal court has very...
Each case is treated separately for discovery purposes if the cases have not been consolidated. So, even if the same law firm is handling the cases, each one is treated differently. The reason is that only the discovery connected to that specific case would be applicable (unless you answer things differently and it can be used to question your honesty).
However, if the same questions have been asked in the same case by the same party, then you can object as the question "being asked and...
An email is sufficient, if you know that the attorney checks his/her emails. Also, I suggest you make a phone call. Courts don't like to deal with discovery disputes and if you can demonstrate to the court that you have done your due diligence, then they are likely to look on your side more favorably. Keep in mind, courts usually will not issue sanctions sua sponte (on their own), but you have to request it in your motion.
Was this a citation from a home owner's association or apartment complex? If so, then it is essentially a contractual violation and you would have to look to the contract to see what your remedies are in this situation.
Sometimes there are benefits to having things in writing, and other times there are not. Do you trust your attorney, as you have hired him to represent your interests? He is obligated to act in your best interest. This may mean doing things a bit different than you would in his shoes.
It sounds like you weren't, but it is a question of fact. Normally, the presumption is that even if a car is trying to pass you, the car that is passing would be at fault). Unless this goes to court, you will not be "found at fault". Were you injured in the accident?
It depends on the facts of the case. If he injured someone who was under the age of 18 at the time of the accident, possibly. The Statute of Limitations can be tolled for a number of reasons. The most common for the person injured not yet being an adult.
But, there is no lawsuit yet if it has not been filed. However, there are a number of other counties in California that you may want to check as well.