You should consult an attorney that handles both criminal and civil rights cases. Firms like mine and those of the other attorneys who are listed on AVVO and my colleagues who will answer your question can evaluate your facts more in depth in a face to face setting. But the short answers to your questions are: the DA office can still file charges against you months later and the police report can be obtained in a number of ways (mostly through the lawyer that will represent you).
It comes down to numbers. Public defenders handle the vast majority of criminal cases. Having that said, it's a matter of sheer numbers that public defenders get high exposure deals because many defendants fall into the category that cannot qualify for good deals. I have seen clients hire private attorneys and get better deals than when the case first started... but i have also seen private attorneys mess things up and ruin what was already a great offer for the client. Bottom line is what...
In some courts, the district attorney office (working along side the probation department) will file a probation violation in lieu of a new case. This of course depends on the circumstances of the 10851. More jail time can then be tacked onto the original case, or community service depending upon what the first probation case punishment was.
Speak with a civil rights attorney immediately who understands and handles police related cases, especially in the criminal context. Also take pictures and get him to a doctor to document the injuries.
Best course of action is to consult with a criminal lawyer to look into the details of the case and even inquire with the department or the DA's office. The general rule for misdemeanors is about a year, felonies can be filed longer than that. But every case is different which is why its best to have an attorney go over the complexities.
A state appointed attorney is a public defender. What you may be thinking of is either a conflict panel lawyer (who would be appointed only of there was a conflict of interest with the public defenders office and the client, or a private panel attorney that handles court appointed cases... which will still charge but at a reduced rate.
So ask the judge/court for a list of private panel attorneys in the area for consultation. Keep in mind however that depending on the case, you may still...
What you are talking about is sometimes called a consensual encounter. Its a slippery slope. But the way in which you describe this encounter does not sound consensual. I suggest you get a detailed evaluation by an attorney. I find your situation very interesting.
Yes. Its called "constructive possession", and the fact that one Person admits to it, means that it helps the other person at trial. But that fact is not conclusive on it's own and sufficient for dismissal for the other person. Long story short, the one who does not admit to it has an argument for trial.
Vandalism convictions will have an effect on your driver's license. I suggest you consult with an attorney because having two citations so close together will give the court a reason to treat you seriously.