You need to retain an attorney immediately! Do not share any more facts online. The facts you have already shared on here sound like you do have a valid defense, which is why you need to consult with an attorney immediately to start crafting your defense. Good luck!
There could be a warrant issue. However, if the cops are working on a valid warrant and come across other illegal activities, they are able to act on them. The scope of what they were doing and what they found all matters. You'll want to find a good local attorney to discuss this case with. Good luck!
A person can be charged with any crime that the DA feels he or she can prove. Now, whether he is convicted is another story. If your friend's son has a strong defense, and it sounds like he does, then he has a great shot at winning in trial. However, your friend needs to get him an attorney as soon as possible. This kind of case needs a private attorney's attention. Good luck!
Mr. Gleason's answer perfectly put it all into perspective. At least, it should have. You do need an attorney, ESPECIALLY if you have evidence to prove you're not guilty. It's not as simple as giving something to the DA and getting the case dismissed. It should be that easy, but sadly is not. You do need to get an attorney to help. If you do not qualify for the public defender, then start looking around for private attorneys in your area. Many offer payment plans which should help fee-wise.
As previously stated, your daughter does not have to pay the civil demand. If there is a civil judgment, she would have to pay that. But the amount they will recover is not worth the amount they would pay their lawyers to pursue it. You likely will not hear anything more from Sephora. However, even though the cops said she would not have to go to court, do not necessarily trust that. They may still decide to file criminal charges. If you get a letter from the court, then make sure you...
When there are pending charges, it is always good to talk to an attorney. Many offer free consultations. You do not want to be trying to find someone last minute when the case is filed. Plus, it's better to let a potential attorney you're hiring know about the possible court date as a matter of convenience for their calendars. We often schedule hearings far out in advance and therefore would need to make arrangements for your case. It doesn't hurt to start calling now. Good luck!
First, do NOT speak to the cops. Do not call them or go to the station. Do not even call them back. Hire an attorney to be on standby in case charges are filed. My standard protocol in this type of situation is to be retained, have the client sign a 5th Amendment declaration which I send to the cops and the client keeps on his or her person at all times (in a wallet or purse) to give to the police is they approach. I also have bail worked out (if a person will want to bail out, I have them...
Go to court on the date listed on the citation. You can look San Bernardino cases up online to see if it's been filed. Go to the court's website and look under online services. You can search for free by your name. If you get an attorney, there is no reason you shouldn't get a good resolution to this case. Do not plead guilty by yourself, without talking to an attorney. While I always recommend hiring a private attorney, if you can't afford one, ask for the public defender to be appointed....
As Mr. Chen stated, generally you cannot ask a judge for his reasoning. If he stated why he ruled the way he did, you could ask the court reporter (if there was one) to purchase the transcripts. If you have an attorney, you could ask your attorney to explain it to you. But, unfortunately, you are limited in your abilities to ascertain the judge's reasoning.
It really depends on the specifics of the case as to how long the sentencing will last (the charges being sentenced, co-defendants, special circumstances, etc.) There are usually other cases on calendar in that room. The defendant can address the court, but that is usually not advised. The defendant should discuss this with their attorney to decide if that would be a good idea or not. Usually the attorney knows what the defendant wishes to say, and can say it on their behalf.