I am a California Attorney, admitted to practice only in California. This answer is specific to California Law. Guardians ad Litem are adults, appointed by a court to be the representative of a child. The purpose of the GAL is to permit the adult to act on behalf of the child. They are appointed most often when a child is injured and a parent or guardian wishes to file a lawsuit on the child's behalf. In the situation described, where natural mother having abandoned the child and a...