Based on my experience I believe they will - or at least your letter (if it properly identifies the person(s) involved) will end up in his file at the time of his naturalization interview and may be a topic of discussion.
If a lawyer was involved the investigation will include (and maybe will focus) on him or her. That's "red meat" for ICE or CIS - as it should be.
Yes, assuming you can document that she qualified back in the 1990's. So the problem might be getting that documentation - especially if you are not currently living in the U.S. That's why you need a "good immigration lawyer".
Certified Immigration Law Specialist*
Law Offices of Tasoff and Tasoff
16255 Ventura Blvd. Suite 1000
Encino, California 91436
I don't know if they would tell a "girlfriend" (or boyfriend) but their should be person at the detention facility that would have that information (release date or bond information).
A lawyer could find out.
I assume you are referring to the 2 year foreign residency requirement that some J-1 exchange visitors are subject to. It is CIS policy to deny the adjustment of status application if it is filed prior to either:
1. satisfying the requirement by being physically present in your home country for 2 years
2. obtaining a waiver of the requirement (I-612 approval).
Basically you are inadmissible - just like someone who came illegally to the U.S. or has a serious criminal record....
I assume you are referring to the visa stamp in your passport - not the petition which sets the period of your L-1 stay in the U.S. A visa cannot be issued or reissued in the U.S. (Once upon a time it was possible through the State Department in DC).
So your best bet, if you're eligible is to apply for the visa at a nearby American Consulate in Mexico (Tijuana) or Canada (try Ottawa if Toronto and Vancouver are too booked up). Each post has its own rules about 3rd county nationals, so...