I agree with my colleague, but want to add a caution. You should be aware that USCIS may look into the bona fides of your marriage at the time you apply for naturalization. Therefore, you should save as many documents as possible that will help prove those marriage bona fides, to be prepared if USCIS ever raises this issue in the future.
Yes, this may be possible if you entered the US legally, but it involves a process that will require the assistance of an immigration lawyer.
First, because you will be getting married after you have already been placed in removal proceedings, you will need to have the I-130 approved pursuant to the "bona fide marriage" exemption. You will also need to document and submit to the BIA a motion to remand your case to the immigration judge so that you can apply for adjustment of status. Speak...
I agree with my colleague. Unless there is some way to restart the clock, you will not be eligible for work authorization until you win your asylum case.
Hopefully you have an immigration attorney assisting you in your asylum case?
The asylum clock is explained here: http://hrionline.wordpress.com/2012/04/19/understanding-the-asylum-clock/
You must file for asylum with the asylum office having jurisdiction over where you reside.
Statistics show that your chances of approval increase if you are represented by an immigration attorney.
See the following for general information about asylum.
For all countries except Mexico, you would be correct. However, at this time, for individuals from Mexico, sibling petition appears somewhat faster than for married sons and daughters . However both categories have very long waiting times and I would be unwilling to predict how that waiting time might change over the course of future years.
A link showing current priority dates being processed is below.
I agree with attorney Rosenberg. If the government attorney is asking you this question then there is a good chance that the government has found your situation to be sympathetic and would be willing to withdraw the present NTA and issue a new NTA after you have the needed ten years. It is a very good sign, but you cannot count on this happening until the deal is done. You should try to retain an experienced immigration attorney to continue negotiations with the government. Good Luck!
A US citizen can submit a petition for a step-child. There is no requirement that a US citizen first adopt that child. (A step parent would be unable to adopt a step-child, unless the father of the child voluntarily relinquished his parental rights or a court were to order those rights be terminated.)