It means you will have a conviction for the misdemeanor offense and that the judge will sentence you to 1 year in jail and then probate it for 2 full years. If you violate your probation during that time, you can receive up to one year in jail.
If you have not already been sentenced, depending on the type of case and your criminal history, you may be able to receive a deferred adjudication probation from the judge based on the circumstances. This may be a long shot with a good defense attorney, but I have persuaded courts to do just that in cases where most people believed that prison was the only option. Before you agree to a prison sentence, you should contact a good criminal defense attorney to discuss your case.
This is a rather bizarre occurrence. Who knows why a FB page goes up or down, if in fact it was an official page or rather just someone who knows you that put up a fake page. I cannot see why your case would be so significant as to make it onto an official police FB page in the first place, although most news media (e.g. newspapers) have an online presence where readers can leave comments. If in fact you committed the offense and was legally arrested with the dope, then you are definitely...
Your new case will start. If you are in custody, the court will appoint an attorney. If you are on bond, you need to retain a good defense attorney. If the arrest warrant for the theft of firearm case was issued prior to your incarceration, you may be able to get credit for the time you were locked up between 2/11 and 9/12, assuming you want to negotiate a plea deal.
The Possession of marihuana case is a class B misdemeanor which carries between 1 day to 6 months in jail. Not knowing what the payment plan was for and whether or not he has a criminal history, he may be eligible for probation (possibly even a deferred adjudication or even better pretrial diversion). You should contact a good criminal defense attorney to represent him. If he does not have a record, it would be best to avoid having one now.
You should talk to a defense attorney and also get a copy of the vehicle registration to show the prosecutor that it is not your car. Obviously, if you borrowed the car, you knew nothing about the sticker and ought not be held responsible for it.
It is your choice whether or not to take the small risk that they may sue you in small claims court. From a practical standpoint, they are not likely to, however Walmart makes profits off of these demand letters. Almost all defense attorneys advise their clients to not pay.
Probably. You can call the court in which the tickets were filed. I imagine they will be okay with you sending in a payment to cover the outstanding traffic tickets along with the fees for failure to appear. You can also call a traffic ticket attorney in that city and he may be able to represent you without you having to be present. You can search for such an attorney at www.lawyers.com.