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Cy M. Abdo
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Cy Abdo’s Answers

329 total


  • Can the ticket be upgraded?

    I was pulled over doing 38 in a 25. I must note that this road could have easily been mistaken for a 35 zone. I was written for impeding traffic with a warning for going 11-15 over. If I fight the impeding traffic on the basis that this road ...

    Cy’s Answer

    I can tell you that impeding traffic does not carry any points and does not go on your driving record. You risk a situation where the officer could dismiss and read issue the ticket which could be very costly to you.

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  • What should my brother do with these domestic violence cases?

    Charged with ASSAULT BY STRANGULATION, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, ASSAULT/BODILY HARM LESS THAN MURDER, violation probation, he attacked his girlfriend while he was drunk, he had a lot of childhood problems from being beat as a child, not giving excuses,...

    Cy’s Answer

    The maximum penalty for assault by strangulation is up to 10 years in prison. The final sentence will depend upon various factors including:

    -Prior record variables (convictions for felonies, misdemeanors)
    -Offense variables (severity of the underlying offense, injuries to victim etc.)

    The calculations to determine the sentence range is a job for your brother's lawyer.

    His lawyer can advise him on whether to plead guilty, go to trial and how to approach sentencing issues which may include the request for mental health care.

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  • Shoplifting

    I was caught shoplifting about 100.00 and I know what I tried to do was wrong and I feel completely stupid for doing it. I tried to steal from Walmart. The police came, but I wasn't arrested. And now I have received a letter giving me options of t...

    Cy’s Answer

    I see that this was posted in the section for juvenile cases. You should consult with your parents and retain an attorney. There may be a way to keep this off of your record. In Macomb County, there is a diversion program as well as consent calendar which enables a person to keep a juvenile offense off of the record.

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  • Can my Dui records be removed from public if i am convicted for OWVI in Michigan after 5 years ?

    Can my Dui records be removed from public if i am convicted for OWVI in Michigan after 5 years ?

    Cy’s Answer

    Traffic offenses, including drunk driving or impaired driving, cannot be expunged. Pursuant to Michigan law, any three drunk driving offenses that occur in one's lifetime may be counted to enhance the charge as a felony. The insurance industry may have also played a part in legislation to preclude expungement of traffic related offenses.

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  • My daughter plead down a MDP and agreed to pay restitution on a cell phone she broke.

    The plantiff submitted a receipt for an $800.00 tablet not the item she broke,her lawyer wants another $1000.00 after paying him $1500.00 to go to a restitution hearing, what should she do? Does she even need a lawyer?

    Cy’s Answer

    I agree with fellow AVVO attorneys Howell and Villar. Sometimes, the legal fees and economics of a case are disconnected to the extent that you are better using the money to settle the issue of restitution.

    Michigan's restitution statute is harsh. In my opinion the issue of restitution should be a matter for the civil courts. I have written a blog on this matter and feel that the scales are weighed heavily against a defendant in a restitution hearing after a plea or finding of guilt.

    Restitution is commonly addressed at the time of sentencing. In my opinion, it is a flawed process because at the same time that the defendant is asking for a lenient sentence; the victim is asking for compensation. Whenever money is involved, most defendants that have the wherewithal will pay, even when the sum claimed is exaggerated. Restitution is rarely questioned by the prosecutor or judge assigned to the case. I have seen more than my fair share of abusive restitution claims where a victim is allowed to profit at the expense of a defendant.

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  • Under what law can a officer take your fire arm, do you have to give your fire arm up.

    I shot a rodent in my yard with a hand gun, the police department came out to a complaint of gun shots. The officer told me that I had to give up the fire arm because I shot it in my yard and a neighbor complained. Is that a fact of law, if so w...

    Cy’s Answer

    AVVO Attorneys Cronkright and Dickson have given excellent answers.

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  • Change in MI expungement law re: probation

    It is my understanding that the recent Jan 2015 change in Michigan law extends the expungement time clock so that it begins after probation rather than after sentencing. I was sentenced to 1 year probation in July 2014 for a misdemeanor, and wond...

    Cy’s Answer

    The new rules of Michigan Expungements:

    Rule 1, Only 1 felony or 2 misdemeanors may be expunged:

    • Felony Expungement: A person who is convicted of not more than 1 felony and not more than 2 misdemeanors may petition to set aside the felony, or,
    • Misdemeanor Expungement: A person who is convicted of not more than 2 misdemeanors and no other felony or misdemeanor offenses may petition to have the have 1 or both misdemeanors set aside.

    Rule 2, Extensive criminal record may preclude expungement: A person convicted of more than 1 felony, or more than 2 misdemeanors, is not eligible for expungement of anything. For this purpose, offenses that have been dismissed pursuant to a deferred sentence, MCL771.1, MCL 333.7411, MCL 769.4a or HYTA shall be counted as misdemeanors in determining whether a person is eligible for expungement.

    Rule 3, Five year waiting period: An application to set aside a conviction shall only be filed 5 years or more after sentence, completion of probation, discharge from parole or completion of imprisonment; whichever occurs last. The maximum period of probation for a misdemeanor is 2 years and 5 years for a felony. Therefore, a person would have to wait 10 years to file for an expungement of an eligible offense after completing 5 years of probation for a felony.

    Rule 4, Ineligible Expungement Offenses: The following offenses are not eligible for expungement:

    • Felony, or attempted felony, with the maximum penalty of life imprisonment.
    • Conviction or attempted convicted of a criminal sexual conduct offense. There is an exception for CSC 4th Degree which occurred before 1/12/2015 and the offender does not have more than 2 minor misdemeanor convictions. A minor misdemeanor is an offense that does not exceed 90 days in jail and must have been committed before the offender was 21 years old.

    • A felony for domestic violence if the person has a previous conviction for domestic violence.
    • Traffic offenses or drunk driving.

    What is the Effect of an Expungement?

    The final phase of an expungement proceeding occurs when the Judge enters an Order to Set Aside a Conviction. The Order to Set Aside the Conviction is processed by the Court and submitted to the Michigan State Police for entry. Once entered, the conviction by the Court, State Police and other government agencies is sealed and the all information pertaining the criminal case becomes a non-public record; except for police agencies and other entities that are authorized to obtain such records. (see the link below for an on-line source to obtain more detailed information about non-public records). In addition, the person who is granted an expungement may treat the offense as though it did not occur and is no longer required to disclose the conviction on applications or otherwise. However, there is a grey area when an application asks about details with respect to criminal offenses that have been expunged or dismissed. In these situations, we recommend that the person consult with an attorney.

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  • WHAT ARE THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR A DUI/DWI IN MICHIGAN. I WAS ARRESTED BUT NOT GIVEN A TICKET AND WAS NEVER ARRAIGNED.

    incident was march 9, 2015, I had a suspended license. I also crashed my vehicle. I was detained for 72 hours then released with my license and a temporary driving permit.

    Cy’s Answer

    Your case is not that old. As other attorneys have said, there is a 6 year statute of limitation period for drunk driving cases in Michigan. However, we have filed for dismissal if there is an undue delay in prosecution in less than 6 years. In requesting a dismissal for delayed prosecution, a defendant has to show that the delay caused some prejudice to putting forth a defense. Prejudice can mean that one or more witnesses is not available after a lapse in time. We have succeeded in motions to dismiss when the case is not prosecuted for at least 2 years though.

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  • Will i local misdemeanor show up in lein and/or criminal history check?

    3 years ago I was issued a loud noise violation and I managed to get it dismissed with 15 hours community service. 2 years ago I was issued an open intoxicant container local ordinance misdemeanor, on the street not in a motor vehicle to clarify, ...

    Cy’s Answer

    It is doubtful that these matters will appear on your criminal history with the Michigan State Police. If you were arrested for these matters, then you might have a public record of the arrest. However, the nature of these offenses, ordinance violations, are usually not abstracted. You should pay the fee to check your record on ICHAT.

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