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Cy M. Abdo
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Cy Abdo’s Answers

309 total


  • Can I travel to Canada for work?

    I was arrested in July of 2012 for drunk driving over .08 BAC. Through the court process I plead the charge down to impaired driving under .08 BAC (OUIL in MI). I did not serve any probation. I met the court's terms by taking two classes and pa...

    Cy’s Answer

    Bad news here. A drinking and driving is an offense which makes you "criminally inadmissible" to enter Canada. However, Canada does have a process to request admissibility for work. I would recommend that your explore the Canadian Immigration website and contact a lawyer in Canada to file your case.

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  • Can I choose jail time in lieu of probation for a 1st OWI offence? Would probation time still be added on after time served?

    I have already served one week of probation and it is so costly that I am thinking that asking for jail time would be cheaper - but only if I would not have to be required to go to counseling, probation meetings, and testing after I am released.

    Cy’s Answer

    The maximum jail time and that can be imposed for a first offense operating while intoxicated is 93 days. If you serve the 93 days in jail, the maximum sentence, then the court would not be able to require you to be on probation. You are certainly free to ask the court to give you jail time instead of probation. However, no attorney is likely to be a party to this course of action. It goes against the basic principles of criminal defense work which is to keep people out of jail. You may want to consult with an attorney to file a motion to modify your probation if you are unable to comply with the terms of probation. Please give this matter careful consideration.

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  • My daughter has a domestic assault 4th degree charge in washington. If she returns michigan without court can they extradite?

    She was arrested while defending herself with open hand slap when assaulted by ex-boyfriend who was not injured and not arrested. Suffering with severe depression and anxiety and loss of job. Trying to return to family in Michigan asap. would they...

    Cy’s Answer

    Domestic assault in the 4th° is a misdemeanor in the state of Washington. It is very unlikely that the state of Washington would extradite her for a misdemeanor. Extradition's are very expensive and are usually not pursued in situations involving misdemeanors. Nonetheless, a person with a warrant in another state is subject to extradition. However, a warrant would remain pending against her which could cause her difficulties with employment opportunities and otherwise. I would never recommend that anybody avoid a criminal case because it will surface and haunt the person at some point in time.

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  • Should the jury have heard the witnesses testimony?

    My sister was found guilty of armed robbery. The prosecutor had a witness who testified she admitted to being involved in the crime. The witness testified during the preliminary hearing. Then during the trial the witness pleaded the Fifth amendmen...

    Cy’s Answer

    This is admissible as prior recorded testimony. It could also be admissible for impeachment purposes or in the grounds of relevancy. The defense attorney might have objected to the admission of the transcript on hearsay grounds because a transcript is a prior statement which is not subject to cross examination.

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  • Michigan OWI. Refused breathilizer and blood test. Wrong driver's license # on search warrant for blood. Throw it out?

    2 officers observed me perform dexterity sobriety texts, then 1 asked that I take the Breathilizer. I refused and was put in handcuffs. As 1 officer cuffed me, the observing officer proceeded to tell him it was the wrong thing to do (just thought...

    Cy’s Answer

    The totality of errors may cast doubt on the officer's credibility. This should help at the implied consent hearing.

    Here is some information regarding Michigan's Implied Consent laws:

    If you refuse the chemical test, the police may obtain a search warrant for your blood (to determine your blood alcohol content and you are subject to criminal drunk driving charge(s).

    Pursuant to Michigan’s Implied Consent Law, a person suspected of violating Michigan’s drinking and driving laws is required to take a chemical test to determine bodily alcohol content (BAC). Under Michigan's Implied Consent Law, all drivers are considered to have given their consent to this test.

    When a person refuses the chemical test offered by a police officer, a notice of the refusal is provided to the Michigan Department of State by the law enforcement agency. The person that refused the chemical test must file a request for hearing within 14 days of the date of refusal. Failure to request a hearing will result in suspension of license for 1 year and 6 points will be placed upon the person’s driving record. If a hearing is held, the hearing officer will determine if the refusal to submit to a chemical test was reasonable. Upon losing the Implied Consent Hearing, suspension of license is for 1 year and 6 points will be placed upon the person’s driving record. This is a separate consequence from any penalties and license sanctions resulting from drinking and driving conviction. You are entitled to an attorney at this hearing. If you are arrested a second time in seven years and again unreasonably refuse the test, six points will be added to your driver record and your license will be suspended for two years.

    Appeal Decision of Driver License Appeal Division to Circuit Court: A person may file an appeal after an Implied Consent Hearing in the Circuit Court within the county where the drinking and driving offense occurred. An appeal can be based upon merits or hardship basis for a restricted license. A hardship appeal is not available for a second implied consent refusal.

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  • Can I sue my husband for mental anguish because of the abuse

    my husband refused to care for my kids so I could get treatment for a drug problem and my bipolar he would force me to bring him prostitutes and alcohol if I wanted to get high I wanted to quit but needed help he refused to allow me to get help fo...

    Cy’s Answer

    Most of the attorneys under this heading our criminal defense attorneys that represent those that are charged with the offense of domestic violence or other crimes, felonies or misdemeanors. You may wish to consult with a personal injury attorney regarding a lawsuit as you have described.

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  • What should I do about this to prevent it from happening again?

    I was stopped at the door of my neighborhoods Kroger and told I was not allowed in there because I was allegedly seen shoplifting last Monday with a group of young men. This is impossible because I was at work then school all Monday. After express...

    Cy’s Answer

    This sounds like a horrible misunderstanding. I agree with one of the other attorneys who stated that you should get documentation of your whereabouts just in case there is an inquiry. Sometimes in situations like this I would recommend that you just stay away from the store for a while until this problem blows over. You might have a claim for defamation of character should any false communications are made to third parties regarding these accusations. To be on the safe side, you may want to consult with a personal injury attorney that handles defamation of character cases.

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  • Can I press charges

    here's been a couple people who keep breaking into my girlfriend and mine phone and Facebook accounts causing all kinds of trouble for us. They are constantly stalking.

    Cy’s Answer

    Our firm is a criminal defense firm. As one attorney said, you can file a police report. This may constitute harassment pursuant to Michigan's stalking laws.

    The stalking statute in Michigan is found at MCL 750.411h Stalking; definitions; violation as misdemeanor; penalties; probation; conditions; evidence of continued conduct as rebuttable presumption; additional penalties.

    (1) As used in this section:

    (a) “Course of conduct” means a pattern of conduct composed of a series of 2 or more separate noncontinuous acts evidencing a continuity of purpose.

    (b) “Emotional distress” means significant mental suffering or distress that may, but does not necessarily, require medical or other professional treatment or counseling.

    (c) “Harassment” means conduct directed toward a victim that includes, but is not limited to, repeated or continuing unconsented contact that would cause a reasonable individual to suffer emotional distress and that actually causes the victim to suffer emotional distress. Harassment does not include constitutionally protected activity or conduct that serves a legitimate purpose.

    (d) “Stalking” means a willful course of conduct involving repeated or continuing harassment of another individual that would cause a reasonable person to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested and that actually causes the victim to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested.

    (e) “Unconsented contact” means any contact with another individual that is initiated or continued without that individual's consent or in disregard of that individual's expressed desire that the contact be avoided or discontinued. Unconsented contact includes, but is not limited to, any of the following:

    (i) Following or appearing within the sight of that individual.

    (ii) Approaching or confronting that individual in a public place or on private property.

    (iii) Appearing at that individual's workplace or residence.

    (iv) Entering onto or remaining on property owned, leased, or occupied by that individual.

    (v) Contacting that individual by telephone.

    (vi) Sending mail or electronic communications to that individual.

    (vii) Placing an object on, or delivering an object to, property owned, leased, or occupied by that individual.

    (f) “Victim” means an individual who is the target of a willful course of conduct involving repeated or continuing harassment.

    (2) An individual who engages in stalking is guilty of a crime as follows:

    (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

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  • OWI Forfeiture/Nuisance Abatement Trying to decide whether to pay $900 to have my vehicle released or to contest.2nd accusation.

    This document says I can pay $900 or contest. The no brainer says I should contest. However, if I lose my OWI hearing, seems like I will also lose my car. I am very confident that I drank within the legal limit....but what if this...? what if t...

    Cy’s Answer

    A recent article was written in the Detroit Free Press on February 22, 2015 regarding forfeitures of property in Michigan. Michigan gets a very low rating in the Detroit Free Press article as to how they handle forfeitures. Basically, the article points out that the process is abused.

    As for as your situation is concerned, you have to make the ultimate decision whether to post a bond on the vehicle rather than settle for the $900 to get your vehicle back. The economics to hire an attorney to fight a forfeiture case are rarely in your favor. A good lawyer would advise you that attorney fees could far exceed what it would cost you to fight to get your vehicle back at this junction. In addition you need to calculate what your probable success rate will be in winning the underlying drunk driving offense.

    Most firms are probably willing to discuss the forfeiture situation with you when you retain an attorney for the drunk driving matter. The Free Press article questions whether forfeitures are justifiable or legal shakedowns.

    Good luck.

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  • Who has authority over this police agency?

    This police agency has done violations. I have gone to their top person and have not gotten feedback. I can not go to the atty general, michigan state police or any local police because they have no jurisdiction. This is a transit police agency...

    Cy’s Answer

    I do not know the answer. However, this would be the time that you would want to hire a lawyer before you step on the toes of the police. If you are facing criminal charges, your attorney may advise you against filing a complaint against the police. I am just saying, don't do anything without getting legal advice. There have been many cases that we could have resolved but for our client taking a cause against the police public. There are other cases that we have rejected because the potential client has taken the role of a martyr.

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