If you are subpoenaed to testify before the grand jury, you must appear or the grand jury through the US Attorney can ask you be held in contempt and request a warrant be issued. Similarly, if the grand jury has already issued an indictment and the case is set for a trial for which you've been subpoenaed, you must appear or the US Attorney may request the judge issue a warrant.
There is always the possibility of plea bargaining for a lesser included charge. Also, you never know what a jury may do if you can get the judge to charge them on a lesser charge. So while you are correct that through complicity a get away driver is treated the same, this isn't always the practical outcome.
For a TOP I in Alabama, the rules of parole are as follows:
For a sentence of less than 15 years on which a defendant is recieving "Good time", the board of pardons and paroles will try to parole a defendant 12 to 24 months prior to their EOS date.
For a sentence of 15 years or more, a defendant generally comes up for parole consideration after serving 1/3 of their sentence or 10 years, whichever is less.
It depends on the circumstances. Alabama is a one party consent state, which means that if one party to the conversation consents, the recording can be used even though another party was unaware of the recording. Also, if the recording was made pursuant to a warrant, the recording may be used if all procedures were properly followed.
Generally, in Alabama the sentencing is as follows:
Class A felony with firearm enhancement - 20 years to life
Class A felony with no enhancement - 10 years to life
Class B felony with drug sale enhancements - 12 years to 20 years
Class B felony with firearm enhancement - 10 years to 20 years
Class B felony with no enhancements - 2 years to 20 years
Class C felony with firearm enhancement - 10 years
Class C felony with no enhancements - 1 year and 1 day to 10 years
Alias generally means he failed to appear for a court hearing. If these alias warrants were issued while he was in jail, you should be able to have the alias warrants set aside. If the alias warrants were issued while he was not in jail, he will have to go to the courts that issued each alias and deal with each case individually.
Under the scenario you described the minimum punishment would be 20 years.
This is because Robbery I is a class A felony punishable by a sentence of 10 years to life. However, there is an enhancement due to the use of a firearm, making the minimum sentence 20 years and the maximum punishment life in prison.
Traditionally, Alabama law prohibited probation for anyone sentenced to more than 15 years. However, since the Soles decision there is the possibility for probation on a 20 year...
Alabama has youthful offender for those that are under 21. For those ineligible for youthful offender, many counties have pretrial diversion or deferred prosecution programs for first offenders. This is not statewide however.
Confidential Informants are often used to make drug cases in Houston County. The state makes attempts to protect their identity if possible and tries to keep them off the stand.
However, if they participated in the transaction, witnessed the transaction, or were compensated (financially or through a deal not to prosecute) in any way for their information, then their identity must be revealed and they can be subpoenaed by the Defendant and impeached.