If you are separated it should not be a problem. For personal injury claims: Normally, when a married person settles their personal injury claim, the spouse is required to sign the settlement release and their name is included on the settlement check to avoid any future claims for "loss of consortium" by the spouse.
To obtain a judgment for damages, you need personal service on the defendants. So you need to locate them in NY and have them served with the summons. Posting the summons and mailing a copy is only effective for obtaining possession, not for money damages.
There is no law in Florida that requires a person to marry you even if you have had a long term relationship and the person promised to do so many times. If your reference to 100% relations is a reference to sexual intercourse, that does not mean that a person must marry you.
You do not need to place the funds in a specific type of bank account,. The proceeds are exempt from creditors claims but you may want to consult an attorney to help you plan for the long term protection of those funds. I have provided links to Fla. Stat. 222.18 and 440.22 for your review.
Call the lawyers that filed the lawsuit and tell them that you filed chapter 7. Give them the bankruptcy case number and they should stop pursuing the case. You should also call the small claims court and tell them that you filed chapter 7, give them your bankruptcy case number so that they can cancel the hearing. They may request something in writing.
Do not file an eviction action. Since you do not have a landlord-tenant relationship with the family, a judge may dismiss an eviction action. File an unlawful detainer action. i am in Orlando and may be able to help you with this type of case. You may reach me at (407) 392-1872 or dennis @ chenlaw.net
Yes, you can make a claim and you should have an attorney represent you in the process. Do not rely on just an ER visit. You should consider a consultation with an ophthalmologist (eye specialist) to be sure that your eye injury is properly treated.
A partition action allows your husband to force the sale of the property. If the siblings want to stay in the house they will have to buy out his interest. Consult a real estate litigation attorney for this type of case.