A second DUI within 5 carries with it mandatory 10 days in jail if you plead to it. Show your arrest report to an attorney in your county to see if there are any bases for a motion to suppress. The refusal may affect you with the administrative suspension - therefore, be sure to request a formal review hearing to fight your driver's license suspension. And just because there are errors in the arrest documents does not mean that the case will be dismissed. Lots of reports have errors. It...
Unfortunately, double jeopardy does not attach until the jury is selected and sworn. The State Attorney's Office in Orlando has a very high case load and it is not their usual practice to refile on a DUI after the case was dismissed by the prosecutor for an officer's failure to show. It is unlikely they will refile (at least in my opinion) unless there were injuries or other aggravating factors (such as children being in the car). That is not to say that they cannot or will not....
You should not go to court without representation especially because of your priors. If you are called to court, however, plead not guilty and say nothing about the facts of your case. Then go talk to a lawyer. To answer the other part of your question, the diagnosis may help in discussing this matter with the State Attorney's Office. In fact, it may not hurt to hire an attorney now to do what can be done to try to prevent charges from being filed.
I would absolutely file a declination of prosecution. Is this a Seminole County Case? In any event, call me or any other lawyer for help as soon as possible. But you must understand that simple filing the declination does not guarantee that he will be released or the case dismissed. There are additional steps that need to be taken.
Sounds like they did a civil forfeiture on the vehcile. The government cannot take property from the lienholder - but they can take it from you. So yes, the lienholder may get the truck back and you could be out of luck. Contact a lawyer who knows how to do civil forfeitures.
Absolutely you need an attorney. You will want one with experience in injunctions and family law court. The cost would depend on the attorney - but it probably won't be cheap. Especially if you have a year's worth of records that you want the attorney to review.
Call the Florida Safety Council at (407) 896-1894 and ask them for their procedure on how to handle that. If you don't have a driver's license, that's a separate criminal offense. However, if you just didn't have it on you, just show your license to the Judge when you go into court and they should dismiss it or ask that you just pay a fine for failure to display driver's license. The open alcohol container is an additional charge to the DUI and could affect your offer in the case.
According to the DHSMV's website, it looks like this requires a mandatory permanent revocation.
D. Fourth Conviction (Regardless of When Prior Convictions Occurred) and Murder with Motor Vehicle: Mandatory permanent revocation. No hardship reinstatement.
Check out: http://www.flhsmv.gov/ddl/duilaws.html
Any criminal record can affect your ability to get a green card. Given what you outlined, it may be possible to get the record sealed or expunged. Contact a lawyer to give him more details and he or she will let you know with a higher degree of certainty.