Yes, you have the right to request a jury trial, but for several reasons you should consider carefully if you want to do this:
1. In some municipal courts in Walton County (specifically Monroe and Loganville), if you request a jury trial the judge will have you taken into custody and make you post a bond on the charge (if you were only written a citation instead of arrested initially).
2. The DA's office prosecutes cases where a jury trial has been requested, and the DA's office in Walton...
So you're concerned about the constitutionality of banishment as opposed to the legality of FGM? I think your priorities might be slightly misplaced. The best thing you could do to make your daughter a better woman is to stay away from her.
Sure, she could be charged with either possession or distribution of child pornography, depending on what the pictures depict.
However, if you were 17 at the time you could be charged as an adult with production and distribution of child pornography.
By not providing free materials, they are not depriving him of his rights under Paragraph XII. To require the state to provide the same would be like saying that because he has the right to assemble and petition under Paragraph IX that the State has to provide him with markers, posterboard, and a megaphone; or because he has the right to keep and bear arms under Paragraph VIII the State has to supply bullets.
Get a lawyer.
You're probably not going to find any relief in the law. The truth is a defense to both slander and defamation in Georgia, so if you are in fact doing webcam chatting and/or videos, you would not have a claim. You may have a claim against the woman for public disclosure of private facts, but again, if you're publicly displaying yourself by use of a webcam, then it isn't necessarily a private fact even though you did not want certain people to know about it.
The statute of limitations for DUI is two years from the date of the offense. However, you mentioned that the other person in the accident was injured. If the state patrol decides to pursue a charge of serious injury by vehicle in lieu of the DUI, they have four years from the offense date to file formal charges.
A simple assault charge in Georgia is a misdemeanor. If the 18 year old has no prior encounters with the police, he will likely be offered pre-trial diversion, where he would probably have to do anger management classes, community service, and pay court costs and the charge would be dismissed.
Under the facts that you've given, a felony cruelty to children charge is highly unlikely and the misdemeanor charge is not applicable to this situation.