You had 90 days after receiving the right to sue letter to file a lawsuit against your employer. If that has passed then no you cannot sue for the initial harassment. However, you may wish to file an EEOC charge for retaliation for having filed the initial EEOC charge. Go back to the Savannah EEOC office and tell the investigator/intake person of your situation.
You have raised many issues in your question that can only be answered by an attorney reviewing the non compete agreement that you signed and MA case law. Therefore, it is critical that you contact an experienced employment law attorney in your area from the AVVO site to determine what portion of the agreement you signed may/may not be enforceable against you.
No problem, you simply need to go to a GA DOL office and apply for unemployment. The separation notice does not rule or apply, as it is where you work that applies. So if you work in GA then you apply in GA.
The law is too complicated for a lay person and it is strongly recommended that you consult with an experienced employment lawyer in your area from the AVVO listing. What you are doing is comparable to do it yourself surgery.
Also the lawyer can advise you as to the strengths and weaknesses of you case.
There are possibly some firms that may provide loans to someone like you who is expecting a settlement. Your attorney can research those companies. A number of my clients have used such firms, but be sure to get one that takes a small percentage of a settlement rather one that charges high monthly interest rates. My clients have been very satisfied with fastfunds4u out of Miami, Florida. However you and your attorney should do your own research and determine your own best option.
You are likely eligible for unemployment under these circumstances. You also may have an ADA complaint of discrimination. You should contact me or another attorney on the AVVO list who handles such matters.
In general, employees who are non-exempt, and work over 40 hours/week are entitled to time and a half. So this is probably a violation of the overtime laws. I suggest you contact me or another attorney on the AVVO list who handles these types of cases.
It is not possible to answer your question without being able to review the proposed NCA and comparing it with your proposed work duties, because it is so fact specific. Also, the issue about whether you might lose UI benefits is also fact specific based on the job offered and its duties. Therefore, you should consult with an experienced employment law attorney, such as myself, from the AVVO listings in your area.