Whether you can travel safely depends on your conviction record. You could face problems depending on the charge for which you were convicted. I would STRONGLY urge you to consult with an experienced immigration lawyer near you as soon as possible BEFORE making any trip out of the country. Why risk problems if they can be avoided?
In all likelihood, you probably can answer 'no' since the food stamps are for the children, not you. However, I would strongly urge you to consult with an experienced immigration attorney for a full review. If you cannot afford one, see if a local social service agency or bar association provides no- or low-cost assistance.
No, but it means that ICE has advised the local authorities that they want to take her inot custody. If she is not in the US legally, it is likely that she will be placed under removal (deportation) proceedings befor an immigration judge. Only the judge can order her removal/deportation. I would suggest that your friend retain an experienced immigration attorney to assist her with her defense.
I would strongly suggest that you consult with an experienced immigration attorney near you for professional help and guidance. This is a serious matter that needs more attention than provided on a public forum like AVVO.
Being on probation has no effect on the ability of a person to file a petition, or for the petition to be adjudicated and approved. However, if the person on probation is the one for whom the petition is being filed, you should consult with an experienced immigration attorney as soon as possible. Even a deferred adjudication can be considered a conviction under certain circumstances, and that may affect the person's eligibility for an immigrant visa. An experienced immigration attorney would be...
Your question is not clear. When you say that you received your H1B visa, do you mean that a petition for you for H1B status was approved, or that you entered the US with an H1B visa but received no I-94? If you meant the first, an application to change status may not have been filed, or you may not be eligible for a change of status. If the second, US Customs and Border Protection no longer issues paper I-94's. You can get the information by going to the CBP website at https://i94.cbp.dhs.gov/...
I agree with Mr. Berman. You are required to file the I-864 Affidavit of Support, even if your income is insufficient. Your girlfriend's income can also be used since she is legally authorized to work. If your combined incomes are still too low, anyone else who is willing to file an I-864 (and has sufficient qualifying income) can file as a co-sponsor.
I would strongly urge you to consult with an experienced immigration attorney near you to get thorough professioanl guidance.