The distinction is with a DWAI, which is driving while ability impaired. A DWAI is a traffic infraction and not a crime. New York refers to the "crime" of driving while intoxicated commonly referred to as DWI. There is no real difference in the law between DWI and DUI. The real difference is as stated above between a DWI/DUI and DWAI.
I hope that this explanation helps.
The charges that you have mentioned are serious. You should consult with a few attorneys to get an idea which attorney you are comfortable working with and yes you should hire an attorney for this matter.
Based upon the little information that you have provided, if you were charged with a DUI and never appeared to answer the charge, you would have an obligation to contact the court and arrange to appear in court to answer the charge.
You should consult and hire a local attorney to assist you in this matter.
There appears to be a malfunction with the ignition interlock device itself. You will have to get the device serviced. You are one of many people that I have head this same story from. If the prosecutor chooses to file a violation of your conditional discharge based upon this event, the download from the IID company will be crucial. You must try to find out from the company why the error occurred once they are done servicing the unit.
You may want to alert your attorney as to your current...
Arrest warrants are signed by judges. If you were arrested with out probable cause your attorney can make a motion to the court and challenge the legality of your arrest. If a judge rules that the police did not have probable cause for your arrest then the case would be dismissed.
While an ACD is not a criminal conviction there may be consequences. Iimmigration issues should be directed to immigration attorneys. Each individual has unique immigration issues, so please consult with an immigration attorney familiar with the criminal law.
Crimes of theft such as larceny, shoplifting, unlawful use of credit cards and filing a false instrument such as filing a car accident report to collect insurance when there wasn't any accident are examples of crimes that involve dishonesty.
Criminal mischief is the destruction of property of another with out permission.
An ACD can certainly be considered pretrial diversion.
In order to change attorneys the judge will have to approve it and appoint 18b. You should inform your current attorney as to your concerns which you can then tell judge that you have done so. In the end, if you do not hire an attorney of your choice the switch will be in the discretion of the judge.
It is possible that the court tomorrow will know about the warrant. You should try to clear up the warrant if possible before going to the court. If not try to have some additional cash on hand or have someone to call to post the bail on the warrant if it should come up.