All family based cases require that an I-130 Petition be filed. Since your husband is NOT presently in the US he is not eligible for adjustment of status and thus, no I-485 would be filed. Rather he would consular process and since he accrued more than one year of unlawful presence in the US would need to alos file an I-601 to obtain a waiver.
Terms are used interchangeably. Technically, anyone who has graduated from law school is a "Lawyer" but only those lawyers who has also passed a State Bar exam can be called an "Attorney" and practice before the courts.
If the police has reasonable suspicion that you were driving then they certainly could issue the summonses. Whether they can prove you were in fact driving "Beyond a resonable doubt" which is the standard of proof required in municipal court is another matter entirely. You should immediately hire a lawyer who would be able to demand discovery of the specific facts and circumstances which led to the police issuing the summonses.
No. That's simply a "boiler plate" paragraph that means that if a Court should find that one provision of the contract is invalid or illegal, such as an agreement to discriminate against a person or group on account of race, religion, etc., it would not affect the validity of the entire agreement.
In 34 years of practicing law I have learned that there are sedldom outright black lies, but merely different shades of gray. The "Truth" will ultimately be decided by the Judge as the trier of facts. If the Judge determines that a party has deliberately misrepresented or concealed the facts, snactions may be in order.
You should consult with an experienced immigration attorney. There are at least three options to have you reunited with your wife in the United States. (1) File an I-130 Petition for Alien Spouse with the USCIS; then have your wife consular process her visa application at the US Consulate in her home country; (2) If possible, have her enter the US on a non-immigrant B-2 Visa or, f applicable, visa waiver and then File the I-130 together with an Application to Adjust her status to lawful...
It is unlikely that a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy will have any wffect whatsoever on your home, negative or positive. Since there is no equity in your home it is likely that the Chapter 7 Trustee will abandon his interest in the property and the secured creditor, after makeing a motion for relief from the automatic stat of the Bankrupcy will be able to start or resume it's State Court foreclosure action. So it wont't be the Banktuptcy Judge tha forces a sale but the State Judge in a foreclosure action.