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ZONING AND PLANNING ISSUES regarding the MICHIGAN MEDICAL MARIJUANA ACT

I. The Law: MCL 333.26421 through MCL 333.26430 You may view the law in its entirety at the Michigan Legislature website: http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(gqy1ck45y1hhvk453kt5wi45))/mileg.aspx?page=home

II. Zoning Considerations

A. Problems associated with narcotics sales:

1) Murder

2) Robbery

3) Assault

4) Loitering

5) Driving under the influence

6) Federal Prosecution

7) Aiding and abetting 18 USC 2 (defines “principles")

18 USC 371 (defines “conspiracy")

21 USC 841 (prohibition of manufacture, distribution, etc of marijuana)

B. Ordinances

1) Sample Ordinance from MTA

2) Ferndale

3) Garden City

4) Grand Rapids – Zoning and Licensing Regulation

5) Huntington Woods

6) Niles

7) Roseville

8) Traverse City

C. Moratoriums

1) Defined time period

2) Permanent

3) Preemption issues

Ø People v Llewellyn, 401 Mich 314; but see Maryland v Louisiana, 451 US 725 (1981) which states: “Of course, a state statute is void to the extent it conflicts with a federal statute – if, for example, ‘compliance with both federal and state regulations is a physical impossibility.’" [See Maryland, citing Florida Lime & Avocado Growers, Inc. v. Paul, 375 US 132 (1963), at 142-143]

Ø See also Article IV, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution, Supremacy Clause, which provides that “[t]he Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof…shall be the supreme law of the land…anything in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding."

Ø Emerald Steel Fabricators v Bureau of Labor and Industry, 348 Or. 159; 230 P3d 518 (2010)

4) Moratorium examples:

a) Auburn Hills – 120 days

b) Birmingham - Permanent

c) Bloomfield Hills - Ban

d) Bloomfield Township – 120 days

e) Grand Rapids – 180 days

f) Livonia - Permanent

g) Royal Oak – 180 days

h) Traverse City – 150 days

i) Waterford – 180 days

5) Nuisance law

a) Statute 600.3801 – declared nuisance - abatement

b) Statute 600.2940 – private nuisance, examples:

o Slaughterhouse

o Tennis courts

o Kennels

o Feeding swine

D. Ideas

1) Security

2) Density/spacing

3) Hours

4) Background checks

http://www.californiapolicechiefs.org/nav\_files/marijuana\_files/files/ DispensarySummitPresentation.ppt

III. Changes on the Horizon?

A. Legislative proposals to be submitted this month

“Opt out" provision

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