If you are faced with a potential self defense situation where you have time to call 911 before acting -- it is vital to do so. This establishes you as the "victim", and will hopefully get police on the way. Make sure you don't sound aggressive over the phone such as: "I'm gonna blow the SOB away if he tries anything". Very bad idea. On the other hand, saying you're scared, or very worried, and "think they may be armed". Is a good idea. If asked "why" you think they're armed or might be armed -- your answer should be "because of the way he's acting" or something to that effect -- as it is not uncommon for potential assailants and criminals to be armed, in fact.
OK - you used self defense, and the police arrive. Now what?
Many attorneys advise not to talk to the police whatsoever when facing possible arrest. I do not believe this is a good tactic in a self defense situation, although you don't want to get into details. If you had to use self defense -- you should tell the police something to the effect: "I acted in self defense. I didn't think I had a choice. I was scared for my life. And -- I really would like to speak to an attorney" before I discuss anything else". However, if the attacker broke anything, or if there are pry marks, or an entry point -- that should be pointed out. Beyond that, your name, address, and date of birth -- are all you should give. If asked why -- say the truth -- you're very nervous,
Why did you do all this
Most folks are way too nervous to accurately give police information. In a self defense situation -- if you leave out stuff, or say it in the wrong way -- you could get prosecuted. Moreover, the prosecutor will suggest to a jury that you made stuff up that you left out of your original statement. That's why it should be generalized and not specific. That's why you want an attorney, and need one -- before you give any real details. If the police are going to arrest you -- there's not much you can say to talk them out of it -- and giving more details just gets you in more trouble. Details are the enemy.
How the police view it
Police are "victim oriented". That means once they decide who's the victim -- they tend to take that person's side despite anything else said or done. Usually the first person to call the police "wins" on being the victim. (not always -- but most times) If an officer thinks you're in the wrong -- very little you can say or do will help avoid arrest. Save it for your attorney, and the court system. It's tough to do as most people think by talking more they can change the officer's mind -- but usually saying you need to speak to an attorney before talking further -- is the best choice.
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