How to Properly Waive Child Support in California Family Law Cases. Uninsured Health Care Costs in California Family Law Cases.
Waiving Child Support in California Family Law Case
Either parent may waive their right to Guideline Child support as long as such
agreement complies with California Family Code section 4065 which is set forth as follows:
(a) Unless prohibited by applicable federal law, the parties may stipulate to a child support amount subject to approval of the court. However, the court shall not approve a stipulated agreement for child support below the guideline formula amount unless the parties declare all of the following:
(1) They are fully informed of their rights concerning child support.
(2) The order is being agreed to without coercion or duress.
(3) The agreement is in the best interests of the children involved.
(4) The needs of the children will be adequately met by the stipulated amount.
(5) The right to support has not been assigned to the county pursuant to Section 11477 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and no public assistance application is pending.
(b) The parties may, by stipulation, require the child support obligor to designate an account for the purpose of paying the child support obligation by electronic funds transfer pursuant to Section 4508.
(c) A stipulated agreement of child support is not valid unless the local child support agency has joined in the stipulation by signing it in any case in which the local child support agency is providing services pursuant to Section 17400. The local child support agency shall not stipulate to a child support order below the guideline amount if the children are receiving assistance under the CalWORKs program, if an application for public assistance is pending, or if the parent receiving support has not consented to the order.
(d) If the parties to a stipulated agreement stipulate to a child support order below the amount established by the statewide uniform guideline, no change of circumstances need be demonstrated to obtain a modification of the child support order to the applicable guideline level or above.
As long as the parties know what the Guideline Child Support will be, either party can waive the receipt of the Guideline Child Support so long as neither parent was forced into such an agreement and neither party is receiving public assistance. This agreement to waive the receipt of Guideline Child support must be in writing to be enforceable. However, as paragraph d above states, either party can petition the Court to modify the Child support order without the requisite showing of a change in income or visitation schedule by either party which is normally required.
Uninsured Health Care Costs
Uninsured health costs such as medical co-pays and other non-premium
expenses are addressed in California Family Code section 4063 which states that:
(a) When making an order pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 4062, the court shall:
(1) Advise each parent, in writing or on the record, of his or her rights and liabilities, including financial responsibilities.
(2) Include in its order the time period for a parent to reimburse the other parent for the reimbursing parent's share of the reasonable additional child support costs subject to the requirements of this section.
(b) Unless there has been an assignment of rights pursuant to Section 11477 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, when either parent accrues or pays costs pursuant to an order under this section, that parent shall provide the other parent with an itemized statement of the costs within a reasonable time, but not more than 30 days after accruing the costs. These costs shall then be paid as follows:
(1) If a parent has already paid all of these costs, that parent shall provide proof of payment and a request for reimbursement of his or her court-ordered share to the other parent.
(2) If a parent has paid his or her court-ordered share of the costs only, that parent shall provide proof of payment to the other parent, request the other parent to pay the remainder of the costs directly to the provider, and provide the reimbursing parent with any necessary information about how to make the payment to the provider.
(3) The other parent shall make the reimbursement or pay the remaining costs within the time period specified by the court, or, if no period is specified, within a reasonable time not to exceed 30 days from notification of the amount due, or according to any payment schedule set by the health care provider for either parent unless the parties agree in writing to another payment schedule or the court finds good cause for setting another payment schedule.
(4) If the reimbursing parent disputes a request for payment, that parent shall pay the requested amount and thereafter may seek judicial relief under this section and Section 290. If the reimbursing parent fails to pay the other parent as required by this subdivision, the other parent may seek judicial relief under this section and Section 290.
(c) Either parent may file a noticed motion to enforce an order issued pursuant to this section. In addition to the court's powers under Section 290, the court may award filing costs and reasonable attorney's fees if it finds that either party acted without reasonable cause regarding his or her obligations pursuant to this section.
(d) There is a rebuttable presumption that the costs actually paid for the uninsured health care needs of the children are reasonable, except as provided in subdivision (e).
(e) Except as provided in subdivision (g):
(1) The health care insurance coverage, including, but not limited to, coverage for emergency treatment, provided by a parent pursuant to a court order, shall be the coverage to be utilized at all times, consistent with the requirements of that coverage, unless the other parent can show that the health care insurance.
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