In Minnesota, teen drivers have restrictions placed on them that adult drivers do not. Teen drivers also receive harsher penalties for violating the law than do drivers over the age of 18. One such example is known as Vanessa's Law.
Vanessa's Law was passed by the Minnesota State Legislature in 2004. Vanessa's Law relates to drivers, with or without a license, under the age of 21 who commit an alcohol/controlled substance or crash-related offense. These offenses include, but are not limited to, DWI and underage drinking and driving, and leaving the scene of an accident.
Vanessa's law states:
- An unlicensed driver under the age of 18 who receives a crash-related traffic violation may not receive a driver's license, including an instruction permit or provisional license, until the driver turns 18.
- An unlicensed driver who receives an alcohol or controlled substance violation may not receive a driver's license, including an instruction permit or provisional license, until the driver turns 18. "Alcohol and controlled substance violation" includes a DWI, an implied consent violation, an underage drinking and driving (i.e. blood alcohol over .00, while driver is under the age of 21), and even an open bottle violation. Yes, if you are anunlicensed driver under the age of 18, and there is an open container ofalcohol in your vehicle, you can lose the opportunity to receive a driver'slicense until you turn 18, even if your blood alcohol content is .00.
- A driver with a provisional license who receives an alcohol/controlledsubstance revocation of the driver's licenses or a crash-related traffic violation loses the provisional license until the driver turns 18.
- Any driver under 21 convicted of an underage drink and drive offense, loses their license for a least 30 days, with no Limited License or Work Permit available during that 30 days Driver's License Suspension period
A teen driver whose license is revoked under Vanessa's Law must undergo a number of steps to regain a license. The individual must:
- Serve the withdrawal period and comply with any requirements on thewithdrawal notice given to them.
Pass the entire written knowledge test, if unlicensed, or the DWIknowledge test, if holding a provisional license at the time of the incidentthat led to the revocation.
- If unlicensed, make an application for a new driver's license and pay all appropriate fees. The individual must then hold an instruction permit for 6months before taking a road test. If the individual is over the age of 19, heor she only needs to hold the instruction permit for 3 months before takingthe road test.
- If the individual held a provisional license at the time of the incident leading to revocation, the individual must first pay the $680 reinstatement fee. Then they must complete a 30 hour classroom driver's education course. At this point, they may apply for an instruction permit, which is given in addition to the driver's license. Once reinstated, the instruction permit is held for three months. During this three month period when the instruction permit is held, the individual must complete six hours of behind-the-wheel driver education programs.
Just because you have been charged with a crime, and the State is attempting to penalize you under Vanessa's Law, does not mean you are out of options. You may have legitimate defenses. An agaressive, experienced criminal defense attorney , can use these defenses and fight to get your driver's license back and keep both your driving record and criminal record clean.