Today’s Assault On Immigrants What We Can Learn From Our Past
On the evening of June 20, 2019, one day before he kicked-off his reelection campaign, President Trump tweeted:
“Next week ICE will begin the process of removing the millions of illegal aliens who have illicitly found their way into the United States. They will be removed as fast as they come in.”
Our History of “Race-Based” ImmigrationSince 2017, the Administration has damaged our immigration system in the following ways:
- Separating children from their parents at our border with Mexico;
- Reducing the number of refugees that we accept to an all-time low;
- Taking away the independence of Immigration Judges;
- Advocating the reduction of legal immigration by 50%;
- Greatly increasing the percentage of RFEs and denials;
- Huge slowdown in processing times for immigration benefits;
- Prohibiting immigration from several Muslim countries;
- Establishing a Denaturalization Task Force; and
- Forcing Asylum Seekers to “Remain in Mexico”.
It was almost 100 years ago that Warren G. Harding was elected President after a campaign entitled “America First” which demonized immigrants.
Harding signed the 1921 Emergency Quota Act which marked the start of his restrictive immigration policies. This law severely limited the number of Italian Catholics and East European Jews fleeing persecution as well as members of other “undesirable races” being able to immigrate to the United States. Asian immigration had virtually come to a halt because of the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan and the creation of the “Asiatic Barred Zone”.
Three years later, President Calvin Coolidge signed the Immigration Act of 1924 which further restricted the number of Southern and Eastern Europeans permitted to immigrate to the U.S. It effectively banned all immigration from Asia.
These laws were clearly motivated by bigotry.
Madison Grant, the author of the then popular book “The Passing of the Great Race” was an avid eugenicist who believed that our country was founded by the “Nordic race”. He recommended segregating “unfavorable” races in ghettos. He and other eugenicists believed that the “Nordics” were committing “race suicide” by allowing Southern and Eastern Europeans to immigrate to the U.S. In the 1920s, Adolf Hitler wrote to Grant, “This book is my Bible.”
Five years after the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924, we plunged into the Great Depression.
It took over 40 years for our country to enact a law which judged immigrants as individuals and did not overtly discriminate on the basis of race or nationality.
The Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965 abolished the “race-based” quota system and established a system which unites families and attracts skilled labor to the U.S.
The Great Step BackwardsFast forward 50+ years.
Running for office in 2016, Presidential candidates saw a country in which manufacturing jobs were being shipped overseas and where many workers were being replaced by machines.
Candidate Trump saw this as an opportunity to blame immigrants for these problems, and his strategy worked.
The present Administration has not just gone after the undocumented. It has made it much more difficult to legally immigrate to the U.S.
Why We Should Welcome ImmigrantsImmigrants have always been one of the most entrepreneurial parts of our society, creating companies which employ millions of U.S. workers.
The following are just a few of the companies founded by immigrants: DuPont, Tesla, Google, Nordstrom, PayPal, eBay, Pfizer, Yahoo, Procter & Gamble, Colgate and Honeywell. All together, immigrants create 25% of all new businesses in the U.S.
Immigrants are vital to our economy. They make up a large percentage of the doctors and nurses who care for us. They teach at inner city schools. They work at our hotels and restaurants, and pick the fruits and vegetables that we eat. They take care of our children and our aged parents.
In 2017, 1,470 economists, Republicans and Democrats alike, wrote a letter to President Trump and other political leaders which made the following points:
- Immigration brings entrepreneurs who start new businesses that hire American workers.
- Immigration brings young workers who help offset the large-scale retirement of baby boomers.
- Immigration brings diverse skill sets that keep our workforce flexible, help companies grow, and increase the productivity of American workers.
- Immigrants are far more likely to work in innovative, job-creating fields such as science, technology, engineering, and math that create life-improving products and drive economic growth.
It is clear that immigrants are a huge plus for our country and our economy.
We must not repeat the mistakes of our past.
We should not be demonizing immigrants or making it more difficult for them to work legally in the U.S.
Instead, we need to reform our broken immigration system so that our economic needs and our immigration laws work together for the betterment of us all.