Written by attorney Ivan Henry Mousaw

Title I Schools in Mecklenburg County

The Basics

Title I, the cornerstone of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) , previously known as No Child Left Behind (NCLB), is the largest federal education program. Its intent is to help ensure that all children have the opportunity to obtain a high quality education and reach proficiency on challenging State academic content and performance standards.

Title I began with the passage of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965, which provided federal funding for high-poverty schools to help students who are behind academically and at risk of falling behind. Services can include hiring teachers to reduce class size, tutoring, purchase of instructional equipment, materials and supplies, parental involvement activities, professional development, pre-kindergarten programs, and hiring teachers and paraprofessionals.

Funding supports Title I School-wide Programs and Targeted Assistance Programs, depending on the level of students that receive free and reduced-price lunch in the school and how the school wants to function. School-wide programs are in schools that have at least a 75% poverty level, based on the number of children designated as economically disadvantaged. These schools have also gone through a one-year planning process. School-wide programs have flexibility in using their Title I funds, in conjunction with other funds in the school, to upgrade the operation of the entire school. School-wide programs must conduct a comprehensive needs assessment, identify and commit to specific goals and strategies that address those needs, create a comprehensive plan, and conduct an annual review of the effectiveness of the school-wide program that is revised as needed.

School-wide programs:

  • • plan for comprehensive, long-term improvement
  • • serve all students with highly qualified teachers and paraprofessionals
  • • provide continuous learning for staff, parents, and the community
  • • use research-based practices to develop and implement enriched instruction for all students
  • • use inclusive approaches to strengthen the school's organizational structure
  • • consolidate resources to achieve programs goals
  • • engage in continuous self-assessment and improvement

Components of a Title I School

  1. 1. All Title I schools must complete a comprehensive needs assessment that drives all aspects of school operations.
  2. 2. School reform strategies must be implemented to address the identified needs.
  3. 3. All instructional staff, including paraprofessionals must be highly qualified according to the criteria set by NCLB.
  4. 4. There must be high quality and ongoing professional development for staff to address the needs of the school.
  5. 5. There must be strategies in place to recruit highly qualified teachers and place them in areas of greatest need.
  6. 6. Parent involvement is a critical and integral part of day-to-day operations in a Title I school.
  7. 7. Strategies are in place to aid in the transitions between academic grade levels, as well as school levels, i.e., pre-school to kindergarten, elementary to middle school, and middle school to high school.
  8. 8. Teachers are actively involved in the use of assessments and instructional decisions are driven by data anaylsis.
  9. 9. Title I schools develop specific instructional activities for students identified with the greatest needs.
  10. 10. Title I schools coordinate and integrate resources and services from federal, state, and local sources


As a requirement of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), previously known as "No Child Left Behind," the Title I Services of Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools administers Title I funds for public schools, private schools, and neglected and delinquent institutions.

Public Schools

CMS has 71 schools that are identified as Title I schools for the 2012- 2013 school year. A school is designated as Title I because at least 75% of its student population is considered economically disadvantaged based on established guidelines. Student achievement is not a criterion for identifiying a school for Title I services, though academic performance is often impacted by poverty.

2012-13 Title I Schools

Elementary Schools: Middle Schools:

Albemarle Road Elementary Albemarle Road Middle School

Allenbrook Elementary School Cochrane Middle School

Ashley Park Elementary School Coulwood Middle School

Berryhill Elementary School Eastway Middle School

Billingsville Elementary James Martin Middle School

Briarwood Elementary Martin Luther King, Jr. Middle

Bruns Avenue Elementary McClintock Middle School

Devonshire Elementary School Northridge Middle School

Druid Hills Elementary School Ranson Middle School

First Ward Elementary Sedgefield Middle School

Greenway Park Elementary Whitewater Middle School

Hickory Grove Elementary

Hidden Valley Elementary

Highland Renaissance Academy

Hornets Nest Elementary

Huntingtowne Farms Elementary

Idlewild Elementary School High Schools:

J. H. Gunn Elementary

Joseph W Grier Academy Garinger High School

Lebanon Road Elementary Harding University High School

Merry Oaks Int'l. Academy Hawthorne High School

Montclaire Elementary Morgan School

Nathaniel Alexander Elementary Turning Point Academy

Nations Ford Elementary West Charlotte High School

Newell Elementary School West Mecklenburg High School

Oakdale Elementary School Zebulon Vance High School

Oaklawn Language Academy

Paw Creek Elementary School

Pinewood Elementary

Piney Grove Elementary

Rama Road Elementary

Reid Park Elementary

Sedgefield Elementary Private Schools:

Shamrock Gardens Elementary

Statesville Road Elementary Bethune Mays Classical Academy

Sterling Elementary Berean Junior Academy

Thomasboro Elementary Brisbane Academy

Tuckaseegee Elementary Brookstone School

University Park Creative Arts Charlotte Islamic Academy

Walter G. Byers Elementary Our Lady of Assumption Catholic School

Westerly Hills Elementary Thompson Child & Family Focus

Whitewater Academy Elementary

Winding Springs Elementary

Windsor Park Elementary

Winterfield Elementary

  • 45 Elementary Schools
  • 11 Middle School
  • 8 High Schools
  • 7 Private Schools
  • Total-71 Title I Schools

Private Schools

Currently, there are 5 private schools that receive Title I funds. This means that these schools have students that live in the attendance zones of public Title I schools and would qualify for services if they attended those public schools:

  • Berean Jr. Academy
  • Brookstone School
  • Brisbane Academy
  • Charlotte Islamic Academy
  • Our Lady of Assumption Catholic School

Neglected and Delinquent Institutions

There is one local institution that serves neglected and delinquent children that also receives Title I funds for its academic program:

  • Thompson Child and Family Focus

Public School Choice

According to the flexibility waiver, CMS no longer identifies schools as being in Title I School Improvement, and therefore will no longer be obligated to provide transportation to students who have exercised Title I choice to transfer to another school.

Even though your child’s school is no longer in School Improvement, your child may continue to attend his/her current school through its highest grade level. However, your child’s will not receive transportation at the start of the 2013-2014 school year.

Please note the following options for the 2012-2013 school year:

Ø Option 1: Transfer your child back to his or her home school. Placement is guaranteed and transportation will be provided. Home school transfer should be submitted immediately at The 2012-13 school year begins August 27.

Ø Option 2: Continue attending the current school with transportation for the 2012-13 school year only. Transportation will not be provided beginning with the 2013-14 school year.

Which schools must offer Choice Option?

Title I Schools that were had Choice Option in 2011-2012 will have that option for the 2012-2013 school year.

Will parents have unlimited public school choices? Districts determine which schools will comprise the public schools of choice. The options in CMS are based on transportation zones, in combination with middle and high school feeder pattterns. The schools of choice may not be Title I School Improvement schools.

How is it determined whether or not parents get their first choice? While the school district must take into account parental preferences, parents are not guaranteed their first choice of schools.

Must parents accept a choice option? Parents always have the option of declining a school choice and continuing at the home school.

What if providing the option to transfer to another school is not possible? Some school districts may find that there are no schools available to which students can transfer, such as when all schools at a grade level are in Title I School Improvement or when there is only one school in the district serving certain grades.

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