Third Party Child Custody in North Carolina
In North Carolina, parents have the legal right to have custody of their children unless clear and cogent reasons exist for denying them this right. This right is not absolute but requires substantial and sufficient reasons for interference or denial.
Who may bring an action for child custody?In North Carolina, any parent, relative, or other person, agency, organization, or institution may bring an action or proceeding for the custody of a minor child. Limitations exist on third parties that may bring a custody action as the parents have a constitutionally protected paramount right to the custody, care, and control of their children.
What is the standard of proof when a third party challenges custody?In North Carolina, when a third party challenges the natural parents for custody of a minor child, the standard of proof required to overcome the presumption of the parents to have custody of their children is "clear and convincing evidence." This means that a third party, whether this is a grandparent, aunt, uncle, or otherwise, must show by clear and convincing evidence that it is in the best interests of the child that the third party be awarded custody.
How can a third party show that it is in the best interests of the child for the third party to have custody?A third party may show that the natural parents have been or are unfit to have custody. Unfitness, neglect, and abandonment constitute conduct inconsistent with the parents' protected status. Proof of this type of conduct may help prove custody with the natural parent(s) is not in the best interest of the child.
Modification of an order awarding custody to a third partyIf a third party is awarded custody of a minor child, the natural parent(s) may seek a modification of the order if they are able to prove that a substantial change in circumstances has affected the welfare of the child. If the natural parent(s) can prove that there has been a substantial change of circumstances affecting the welfare of the child, and that a change in custody may be in the best interests of the child, they may be able to regain custody.