The Three Types of Voyeurism in Utah
Voyeurism is when a person looks at or records the private areas of another's body without his consent when that person has a reasonable expectation of privacy. In Utah there are three types of voyeurism charges that can be brought against a Peeping Tom.
The Common Peeping TomEveryone knows what a Peeping Tom is and it is actually one of the more common sex crimes. Basically, if an individual attempts to look at another person's body in a private setting where the alleged victim has an expectation of privacy, the Peeping Tom can be charged with a class B misdemeanor. The type of private settings most often involved in these types of cases are through windows of homes, changing rooms, and bathrooms.
The Peeping Tom with Electronic Recording EquipmentWhen voyeurism involves an electronic recording device the consequences become more severe and the charges are increased to a class A misdemeanor. This type of crime is becoming more and more common because of the advent of the smartphone. Everyone has a video recorder and smartphones are slim and can go anywhere with you relatively undetected. Voyeurs had much more difficultly recording when they had to have a camcorder.
Voyeurism Involving a Minor Under 14 Years OldIf the alleged victim in a voyeurism case is under 14 years old the classification of the crime is increased by one degree. This is true for both adult defendants and juvenile defendants. Thus, if a defendant uses his cell phone to record a minor who is 13 or younger he can be charged with a third degree felony.