Written by attorney Donald A Pumphrey Jr.

The Dangerous Intersection Between Disability and Human Trafficking

An in-depth look at Human Trafficking and the laws surrounding it.

Additional resources provided by the author

[1] Human Trafficking State Laws, National Conference of State Legislatures, (last visited Apr. 13 2021). [2] The use of “women” is not to say that disabled men do not need more legal protection. It is used to recognize that women are generally more vulnerable to trafficking than men, and that vulnerability intersecting with the vulnerabilities that outline disability mean that disabled women have an even greater risk of abuse. As a result, federal legislation must be enacted that addresses them specifically. [3] Hannahbeth Franchino-Olsen et al, Minor Sex Trafficking of Girls with Disabilities, 13 Int’l J. Hum. Rts. Hlth. C. (2020). [4] Id. [1] Individuals with Disabilities May Face Increased Risk of Human Trafficking, Polaris Project (Aug. 15, 2018), [2] Id. [3] Id. [4] Id. [5] Id. [6] Id. [7] Id. [1] Jessica. S. Oppenheim, Attorney, The Arc of New Jersey, Addressing Human Trafficking of People with Disabilities: Collaboration and Activism, (presentation at 0ff7c50f538d6a78e/t/5beb397f4d7a9c 3f732d0526/1542142336291/ARC+OF+NJ+-+Addressing+Human+ Trafficking+of+People+with+Disabilities.pdf. [2] Michele Clark et al, An Introduction to Human Trafficking: Vulnerability, Impact and Action, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2008), Human_Trafficking_-_Background_Paper.pdf. [1] Peter W.D. Wright & Pamela Darr Wright, The History of Special Education Law in the United States, Wrightslaw (Jan. 3, 2021), [2] Peonage, (2021). [3] Ruthie-Marie Beckwith, From Peonage to Poverty (2016). [4] A Guide to Disability Rights Laws, U.S. Department of Justice (2020), [5] 42 U.S.C. § 12102 (2009). [6] A Brief History of the Disability Rights Movement, ADL Fighting Hate for Good (2021), education/resources/ backgrounders/disability-rights-movement. [7] The Fair Housing Act, The United States Dept. of Justice (Dec. 21, 2017), [1] Luz Nagle, Professor of Human Trafficking, Stetson University College of Law, Migration, Smuggling and Human Trafficking: The Importance of Victim Identification (January 25, 2021). [2] Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, art. 3, U.S., Nov. 15, 2000, U.N.T.S. vol. 2237. [3] Id. [4] Luz Nagle, supra.

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