Service of Process
Can be waived-depends on in state or out of state (the time limits)
To serve process there are three methods, in descending order of preferred priority:
For Service on a Virginia resident-
must personally serve
Next would e substituted service (to a family member)
Finally, posted at front door of home.
For Service on a Non Resident
For service on a Corporation- serve the registered agent or the Secretary of the State Corporation Commission.
For Service on a Foreign Corp- any officer or director if there is no registered agent or serve the clerk of the State Corporation Commission.
Partnership- any general partner
Non Resident Motorist Act
Types of Service in Detail
a. Must be tried and unavailable before proceeding to substituted or posted service
a. Served at Defendants usual place of abode
b. Member of Defendants family (16+year old or older)
c. Must tell the party of the purpose and content
a. Post on main entry way front door
b. Ten days before default- mail process to Defendant and certify to clerk
c. Circuit Court mail copy of pleading to Defendant showing that upon default, judgment may be sought.
Curing Statute- There is a Virginia statute that cures minor technical defects in service.
a. Must state reason for failing to serve personally. If served by officer, prima facie evidence of truth.
b. Filed within 72 hours of serving process--