Rules of the Road for Minors
I met with a parent whose 13-year-old son was cited for not wearing a helmet and failing to stop at a stop sign. Additionally, he also was involved in a collision with a vehicle.
Vehicle Code (VC) violationsVC 22450(a): the driver of any vehicle approaching a stop sign at the entrance to, or within, an intersection shall stop at a limit line, if marked, otherwise before entering a crosswalk on the near side of the intersection. If there is no limit line or crosswalk, the driver shall stop at the entrance to the intersecting roadway.
VC 21212(a): a person under 18 years of age shall not operate a bicycle, a non-motorized scooter, or a skateboard, nor shall they wear in-line or roller skates, nor ride upon a bicycle, a non-motorized scooter, or a skateboard as a passenger, upon a street, bikeway or any other public bicycle path or trail unless that person is wearing a properly fitted and fastened bicycle helmet.
VC 22450 can be filed as a misdemeanor but VC 21212 is an infraction punishable by fine. As for failing to stop, violation point assessment can be imposed by the DMV. Keep in mind that the driving privileges for a minor, under 18 years of age, may receive a 30-day restriction for 2 points in 12 months, or be suspended for 3 points in 12 months. (VC 12814.6)
Mandatory helmet ruleAs for the mandatory helmet rule, parents are liable if your child does not wear a helmet. VC 21212 (e): The parent or legal guardian having custody of a minor shall be liable with the minor. More officers are citing children and their parents when there is a violation, because of the frequency and continued occurrence of preventable injury between young bicycle riders and motorists.