In California, Welfare & Institutions Code A? 15610.07 defines abuse of an elder or a dependent adult. "Abuse of an elder or a dependent adult" means either of the following:
 Physical abuse, neglect, financial abuse, abandonment, isolation, abduction, or other treatment with resulting physical harm or pain or mental suffering.
The deprivation by a care custodian of goods or services that are necessary to avoid physical harm or mental suffering.
What is Physical Abuse?
"Physical abuse" means any of the following:
Assault, as defined in Section 240 of the Penal Code.
Battery, as defined in Section 242 of the Penal Code.
Assault with a deadly weapon or force likely to produce great bodily injury, as defined in Section 245 of the Penal Code.
Unreasonable physical constraint, or prolonged or continual deprivation of food or water.
Use of a physical or chemical restraint or psychotropic medication under any of the following conditions:
For a period beyond that for which the medication was ordered pursuant to the instructions of a physician and surgeon licensed in the State of California, who is providing medical care to the elder or dependent adult at the time the instructions are given.
For any purpose not authorized by the physician and surgeon.
What is Neglect?
Welfare & Institutions Code A? 15610.57. Neglect
"Neglect" means either of the following:
The negligent failure of any person having the care or custody of an elder or a dependent adult to exercise that degree of care that a reasonable person in a like position would exercise.
The negligent failure of an elder or dependent adult to exercise that degree of self care that a reasonable person in a like position would exercise.
Neglect includes, but is not limited to, all of the following:
Failure to assist in personal hygiene, or in the provision of food, clothing, or shelter.
Failure to provide medical care for physical and mental health needs.
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