A simple assault or an assault and battery charge under Virginia Code § 18.2-57 is considered, at minimum, a Class 1 misdemeanor offense. Check your summons (yellow sheet of paper) describing your charge. The police officer should have indicated the Virginia Code number on the summons. If charged under 18.2-57, and if your violation is not a felony, then as a Class 1 misdemeanor, the judge is authorized to sentence a convicted person to a maximum of:
However, in the case where the victim is alleged to have been purposefully selected based on race, religion, skin color, or nation of origin, then there is a mandatory jail sentence for:
Keep in mind, the judge can still sentence a person to a much longer time than 30 days active or six months suspended.
A future Assault and Battery Avvo Guide will discuss additional applicable penalties in specific situations (including "assault on an officer," and more).