Pedestrian Injuries in Florida
Pedestrian-involved motor vehicle crashes can result in significant injuries. Learn how dangerous they can be and what Florida law says about the responsibilities of drivers and pedestrians.
BackgroundIn a 2015 study, the U.S. Department of Transportation estimated there were almost 70,000 pedestrians injured in motor vehicle crashes in the US, resulting in almost 5400 pedestrians killed. The same study also showed a disturbing trend, an increase in pedestrian fatalities as a percentage in pedestrian-involved crashes - meaning that as a percentage, more pedestrians are killed by motor vehicles crashes.
Florida has been one of the more dangerous states to drive if you are a pedestrian. A recent analysis revealed the metro area from Kissimmee-Orlando-Sanford near the top of the most dangerous places to walk. In 2016 alone, Florida saw over 9,000 pedestrian involved crashes which resulted in over 650 fatalities. Even in non-fatal pedestrian crashes, pedestrians can suffer serious physical injury including
* Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
* Spinal Cord Injury
* Loss Of Body Part
* Broken Bones
* Torn Ligaments
* Severe Scarring
* Injuries Requiring Surgical Repair
With so much interaction between pedestrians and motor vehicles, many people often forget both drivers and pedestrians have duties to each other in order to avoid these dangerous collisions. Florida Statute 316.310 outlines duties of pedestrians and drivers while utilizing Florida*s roadways. Some of those duties are outlined below:
Florida Statutes Regarding Driver's Duties to PedestriansFlorida Statute 316.310(7)(a): The driver of a vehicle at an intersection that has a traffic control signal in place shall stop before entering the crosswalk and remain stopped to allow a pedestrian, with a permitted signal, to cross a roadway when the pedestrian is in the crosswalk or steps into the crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.
Florida Statute 316.310(7)(b): The driver of a vehicle at any crosswalk where signage so indicates shall stop and remain stopped to allow a pedestrian to cross a roadway when the pedestrian is in the crosswalk or steps into the crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.
Florida Statute 316.310(7)(c): When traffic control signals are not in place or in operation and there is no signage indicating otherwise, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be to so yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
Florida Statute 316.310(15): Notwithstanding other provisions of this chapter, every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian or any person propelling a human-powered vehicle and give warning when necessary and exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or any obviously confused or incapacitated person.
Florida Statutes Regarding Pedestrian DutiesFlorida Statute 316.310(3): Where sidewalks are provided, no pedestrian shall, unless required by other circumstances, walk along and upon the portion of the roadway paved for vehicular traffic.
Florida Statute 316.310(4): Where sidewalks are not provided, any pedestrian walking along and upon a highway shall, when practicable, walk only on the shoulder of the left side of the roadway in relation to the pedestrian*s direction of travel, facing traffic which may approach from the opposite direction.
Florida Statute 316.310(5): No person shall stand in the portion of a roadway paved for vehicle traffic for the purpose of soliciting a ride, employment or business from the occupant of any vehicle.
Florida Statute 316.310(10): No pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
Florida Statute 316.310(11): Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
Florida Statute 316.310(12): No pedestrian shall, except in a marked crosswalk, cross a roadway at any other place than by a route at right angles to the curb or by the shortest route to the opposite curb.