INA§ I-212 permission to reenter after deportation
I-212 is a permission to reenter after deportation. If a foreign national is previously deported, final order or even left the US may file I-212 with USCIS having jurisdiction over the individual. If granted, the foreign national is being treated as an arriving alien and may file a new petition
Extreme hardshipThe foreign national has to show extreme hardship to U.S. or LPR spouse, parent or child.
removalIf you have been ordered removed, but not left the United States, and will be applying for an immigrant visa abroad, you may file your application for consent to reaply before you leave the United States under removal order. If the agency, at its discretion, chooses to approve your application for consent to reapply, the approval is considered conditional until you actually depart the United States.