IID Device Requirements in California
California will soon expand its use of ignition interlock devices for those convicted of DUI. The current pilot program in four counties will apply statewide in 2019 and is aimed at significantly reducing the number of drunk drivers on the road.
What are Ignition Interlock Devices (IID)?Statistics indicate that many people convicted of drunk driving will do it again, even if the state has revoked their driver*s license. Fortunately, technology exists that can prevent an intoxicated person from starting a vehicle in the first place.
An IID is a device that attach to a car*s ignition system and requires that a driver blow into a mouthpiece. The IID then measures the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in the breath. If the BAC is above the programmed limit, the vehicle will not start. In addition, random checks during a trip can ensure that the driver did not have someone else *blow* and is not drinking during the trip. IIDs also notify state authorities if someone has attempted to start a vehicle with a high BAC, and the defendant can be punished for attempting to drive.
Solid Science Behind Requiring IID UseCalifornia has good reason to require IIDs for those convicted of DUI. Based on the pilot program, the device has prevented more than a million attempts to start and drive a vehicle while intoxicated.
For first offenders, an IID is about 74% more effective at preventing a repeat offense than a license suspension. It is similarly effective for those who have also been arrested for a second or subsequent offense.
Currently, around 1,000 people die each year because of drunk driving. Tens of thousands more suffer serious injuries.
IIDs also benefit those convicted, since drivers can keep full driving privileges, which should allow them to get to work and school. The state will not need to suspend the license for everyone convicted of DUI.
IID Requirements for those Convicted of DUINearly everyone convicted of DUI will need to install an IID on their car, but the length of time they must use the device will depend on whether this is a first or subsequent offense:
* If this is your first offense and no one was injured, you can choose to install the IID and maintain full driving privileges or you can take a restricted driving license for a year.
* If someone was injured and this is your first DUI, then an IID is required for six months.
* If this is your second offense, you will need an IID for one year.
* If this is your third offense, then you will need an IID for two years.
* If this is your fourth or subsequent offense, then you will need an IID for three years.
The Costs of an IIDIIDs do not come free. Instead, they will cost $70-150 for installation and about $3 a day. Low-income offenders will pay a percentage of their income, from 10-50% of the cost of the device. The company that provides the device will pick up the rest of the cost.