Naturalization is the process that a foreign citizen must complete in order to be granted U.S. Citizenship.
Who is applicable?
In order to apply for Naturalization, you must fulfill the following general requirements:
.You must be at least 18 years old at the time of filing the Form N-400
.Admitted to the United States through legal and lawful means
.Have shown continuous permanent residence (Have not left the U.S. for 6 or more months)
.Have shown physical presence (Actually present in the United States for a certain number of months)
.Have shown good moral character (A criminal record, lying, alcoholism, illegal gambling, prostitution, persecution, terrorism, along with several other factors may hurt the assessment of your character)
.Show an attachment to the U.S. Constitution
.Display the ability to read, write, speak, and understand basic English and have knowledge of U.S. civics (history and government)
1. If over 50 years old and a permanent resident for at least 20 years, you do not have to take the English test; you will still have to take the civics test in the language of your choice
2. If you are over 55 years old and a permanent resident for at least 15 years, you do not have to take the English test; you will still have to take the civics test in the language of your choice
3. If you are over 65 years old, and have been a permanent resident for at least 20 years, you do not have to take the English test or the civics test; instead, you are only responsible for the specifically designated test questions selected within the list of civics questions found here
When can you apply?
You may apply for naturalization if you are a permanent resident (holder of a Green Card) and:
Have lived as a permanent resident in the United States for at least 5 years; OR
Have married and lived with your U.S. Citizen spouse for at least three years and continue to do so; OR.
Are currently serving honorably in the U.S. military with at least 1 year of service, or within 6 months of discharge.
Lived for at least 3 months in the USCIS district or state where the Form N-400 is filed.
How do you apply?
The process of Naturalization includes:
Determining eligibility (You can seek advice at: 1-800-375-5283; or refer to information on www.uscis.gov; or contact an immigration attorney).
Complete Form N-400 (Application for Naturalization).
Submit Other Necessary Documents.
Front and back photocopies of Form I-551 (Permanent Resident Card/Green Card)
wo identical standard, passport style, color photographs taken with your name and "A-number" written lightly in pencil on the back of each photo; eyeglasses, earrings or head-wear not for religious purposes (for more detailed information on the photo requirements, check the "USCIS is Making Photos Simpler" page at the uscis.gov website or refer to the Form M-603 instructions given with your application.
A check or money order for the application and biometric fees (Write your "A-number" on the back of the check or money order).
Other necessary documents pertinent to your application.
You will be contacted through mail regarding your interview time and place; if you cannot make it, write to the office where your interview is scheduled
During the interview, a USCIS officer will ask you background questions and will administer the English and Civics tests
At the end of the interview, you will receive Form N-652 that gives you the results of your interview
Oath (If your application is approved, you will be mailed the time and date of your ceremony)
How much does it cost?
The cost for the naturalization application process consists of the Form N-400 fee ($595) and the biometric services fingerprinting fee ($80) and totals to $675.
How long will it take?
The time it takes to complete naturalization fluctuates depending on your location. Ideally, it takes 6 months after filing the Form N-400, though it may often take longer.