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How does the state of Alabama legally define a father?

Legal Definition of ‘Father’ Ala. Code § 26-17-5

An acknowledged father is a man who has established a father-child relationship. An adjudicated father is a man who has been adjudicated by a court to be the father of a child. An alleged father is a man who alleges himself to be, or is alleged to be, the genetic father or a possible genetic father of a child but whose paternity has not been determined. A presumed father is a man who is recognized as the father of a child until that status is rebutted or confirmed in a judicial proceeding. A putative father is the alleged or reputed father.

A man is presumed to be the natural father of a child if any of the following apply:

• He and the child’s mother are married to each other, and the child is born during the marriage.

• He and the child’s mother are or have been married to each other, and the child is born during the marriage or within 300 days after the marriage is terminated.

• Before the child’s birth he and the mother attempted to marry each other, although the attempted marriage is or could be declared invalid.

• After the child’s birth, he and the child’s mother married or attempted to marry each other, although the attempted marriage is or could be declared invalid, and:

He has acknowledged his paternity of the child in writing, the writing being filed with the appropriate court or the Office of Vital Statistics. With his consent, he is named as the child’s father on the child’s birth certificate. He is otherwise obligated to support the child either under a written voluntary promise or by court order.

• While the child is a minor, he receives the child into his home or otherwise openly holds out the child as his natural child or otherwise provides emotional and financial support for the child.

• He acknowledges his paternity of the child in a writing filed in accordance with provisions of the legitimation statute.

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