H-1B Visas: What You Need to Know About Filing in 2019
As a dedicated immigration attorney, I’ve been steadfast in my H-1B visa service and searching for a nugget of good news on this front during the past few years.
My search yielded little until this government shutdown.
DOL and USCIS Will Remain Open During Government ShutdownThat*s when I realized that both the Department of Labor (DOL) and United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will remain open during this H-1B season.
If it feels like I*m grasping, humor me.
President Trump signed a minibus appropriations bill on September 28, 2018 that funds the DOL through September 30, 2019. Because USCIS is a fee-based organization, it will remain open as well. An unanticipated benefit from those H-1B filing fees!
Electric Filing On the Way for H-1B PetitionsIn other H-1B visa news, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced a proposed rule on November 30, 2018 that would require H-1B cap subject petitioners to register electronically with USCIS which would then conduct the lottery from the pool of timely-filed registrants.
The registration window would open 14 days before the H-1B filing window opens on April 1 and remain open for 14 days after that date. Petitioners selected during the lottery would be notified that they are eligible to file their petition and would have a 60-day window to do so.
New Rule Will Favor Advanced Degree HoldersThe proposed rule would also reverse the order that USCIS selects H-1B petitions under the H-1B cap and the advanced degree exemption. Currently the agency selects the advanced degree beneficiaries before filling the H-1B cap. Under the new rule, USCIS would count all applicants selected against the H-1B cap first, and then select the ones to receive the advanced degree exemption. Even though reversed, those with advanced degrees will still have two chances in the lottery.
USCIS estimates that the proposed change would result in a 16 percent increase in the number of beneficiaries holding a master*s degree or higher from a U.S. educational institution.
New Rule Will Probably Not Go Into Effect For This Year's H-1B FilingThe proposed rule was published in the Federal Register on December 3, 2018. USCIS accepted comments on it through January 2, 2019. On January 11, 2019 USCIS sent a final version of the proposed rule to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review. Once the OMB reviews it, a final rule must be published in the Federal Register for it to take effect.
USCIS aspires to finalize and implement the new rule in time for the Fiscal Year 2020 filing season which begins April 1, 2019. Given that the OMB is scrambling in the wake of the shutdown to figure out who and what can get paid, and the time it would take for the normal review process, the proposed rule is unlikely to apply this year.
Increased Requests for Evidence Require More Strategic Planning and Earlier StartWhat is true for this year is that H-1B petitions will require more strategic planning and upfront preparation than in prior years. Following the Trump Administration*s Buy American Hire American Executive Order on April 18, 2017, requests for evidence tripled for the past two years. I expect this scrutiny to be true for this year too.
This means that we need to begin your application earlier, especially if you have never filed before. Companies filing for the first time need to apply to have the DOL verify their business and approve a Labor Condition Application (LCA) before they can file the H-1B petition. Each of those two processes takes at least 7 days.
If you are planning to petition for H-1B visas this year, please reply to this email or call me at (630) 262-1435 as soon as possible and definitely by January 31, 2019 so we can give your application the best shot at being accepted.