Drug DUIs: The effects of PCP on the DUI driver
Phencyclidine (PCP) Phencyclidine (full name is phenylcyclohexylpiperidine but is commonly initialized as PCP), also known as angel dust and other street names, is a dissociative drug formerly used as an anesthetic agent. Maisto, Stephen A., Galizio, Mark and Connors, Gerard Joseph. Drug Use and Abuse. Thompson Wadsworth. (2004) PCP was first synthesized in 1926 and later tested after World War II as a surgical anesthetic. The observed effects after consuming PCP include euphoria, calmness, feelings of strength and invulnerability, lethargy, disorientation, loss of coordination, distinct changes in body awareness, distorted sensory perceptions, impaired concentration, disordered thinking, illusions and hallucinations, agitation, combativeness or violence, memory loss, bizarre behavior, sedation, and stupor. In the DUI context relating to field sobriety testing, horizontal gaze nystagmus, vertical gaze nystagmus, and lack of convergence are present. Pupil size and reaction to light are normal, which pulse rate, blood pressure, and body temperature are elevated. Id.