Criminal Convictions that have Immigration Consequences.
These are a number of criminal convictions that can affect the immigration status of a Legal Permanent Resident.
Domestic ViolenceA conviction for Domestic Violence (DV) can be a major problem for a Legal Permanent Resident. A conviction for DV can cause a Legal Resident to become deportable. This means that they could end up losing their green card. Each state is different in what they consider to be worthy of a Domestic Violence Crime. Some require the actual use of force, some the threatened use of force and other states consider verbal disagreements to be enough for a DV conviction. There are so many other factors that go into determining whether this will have negative immigration consequences that you will need an immigration attorney as soon as you are charged with this crime. The attorney can help fight the charges or reduce the charges to one that will carry no immigration consequences. For example, many times a plea to a simple assault (instead of Domestic Violence) can eliminate the immigration concerns. However, once you plead guilty it may be too late so hire the immigration attorney immediately.
Possession of MarijuanaPossession of Marijuana (POM) can carry immigration consequences. When it comes to drugs, a Legal Resident can have only one conviction for POM AND only if it is for possession of 30 grams or less and for personal use. If there is any element of trafficking such as manufacture, delivery, storage, intent to deliver, maintaining a drug house (or car) then that is a different story and you must see an attorney because the bar for drug trafficking is severe. Having more than one possession conviction (of 30 grams or less for personal use) will make a Legal Resident removable (deportable). They will end up in immigration court and will have to then apply for any available forms of relief.
Possession of Other Controlled SubstancesA conviction for possession of narcotics, meth, date rape drugs, LSD, crack, etc. etc. etc. will carry the severest immigration consequences for a Legal Resident. These charges will result in an individual being placed in removal proceedings and will have to see there if there is any available relief.
Crimes of Moral TurpitudeNow...you may be asking, "What it a crime of moral turpitude?" Well... it can be many things. It can be criminal sexual conduct (rape) or it can also be stealing a pack of gum from the grocery store. It can be giving false information to a police officer, and it can also be burglary. A good rule to follow is any crime that has to do with dishonesty, or is inherently vile or depraved can be a crime of moral turpitude. This is why if a Legal Resident is charged with any crime, they should contact an immigration attorney immediately.
Aggravated FeloniesAn aggravated felony is a type of crime that will make a Legal Resident deportable and also unable to request relief in immigration court. It is a bit of a misnomer as a state court misdemeanor can be considered an aggravated felony as well. There are many types, but here is a brief list:
murder, rape, sexual abuse of a minor (which can include statutory rape)
drug trafficking, trafficking in firearms or destructive devices, various other offenses concerning firearms or explosive material, racketeering, money laundering of more than $10,000, fraud or tax evasion involving more than $10,000,theft or violent crime with a sentence order of at least one year, perjury with a sentence of at least one year, kidnapping, child pornography, trafficking in persons or running a prostitution business, spying, treason, or sabotage, commercial bribery, counterfeiting, forgery, or trafficking in vehicles, failure to appear in court on a felony charge for which a sentence of two years in prison may be imposed, alien smuggling, and obstruction of justice, perjury, or bribery of a witness, if the term of imprisonment was at least one year.