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Bill Signed by Governor to Increase Real Estate Conveyance, Gift and Estate Taxes

Posted by attorney Gregory Allen

A budget bill approved by the General Assembly has been signed by the Governor that increases the real estate conveyance tax, gift and estate taxes. The bill increases the real estate conveyance tax by ¼ of one percent. The impact of the changes is summarized below.

Real Estate Conveyance Tax

Taxes on residential property (and vacant land) will increase from ½ of one percent to ¾ of one percent.

Taxes on residential property conveyed for more than $800,000 (known as the "mansion tax") will be taxed at ¾ of one percent up to $800,000 and 1 and 1/4 of one percent on the amount over $800,000.

Nonresidential property currently taxed at 1 percent will increase to 1 and ¼ of one percent.

Conveyances to a financial institution of property with mortgage payments that have been delinquent for not less than six months will increase from ½ of one percent to ¾ of one percent.

The bill provides that revenue resulting from these state tax increases will be deposited into a municipal revenue sharing account to be used for municipal grants. It also makes permanent the current general municipal rate, which was due to revert on July 1 to its earlier rate of eleven one-hundredths of one percent. Instead, it will remain at ¼ of one percent.

The new conveyance tax forms can be obtained by ordering then online at under “Forms."

These changes go into effect on July 1, 2011 and will apply to conveyances that occur on or after that date. Note that if you have a closing in late June and are recording the documents on or after July 1, the date of your conveyance controls; therefore, the pre-July tax rate would be applicable.

Estate and Gift Taxes

Under this portion of the bill, the threshold on the estate and gift tax is lowered from $3.5 million to $2 million, in essence exposing more gifts and estates to taxation. Gifts and estates valued between $2 million and $3.5 million will be taxed at 7.2% on the amount exceeding $2 million.

The change to the estate tax will be applicable to estates of decedents who die on or after January 1, 2011. The change to the gift tax will be applicable to Connecticut taxable gifts made by a donor during a calendar year commencing on or after January 1, 2011, including the aggregate amount of all taxable gifts made by the donor during all calendar years commencing on or after January 1, 2005.

Information provided by CATIC was utilized in creating this newsletter.

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