Americans considering adoption of Bangladeshi children must obtain guardianship from a Bangladeshi court and subsequently adopt the child in the United States.
1. Choose an Adoption Service Provider
2. Apply to be Found Eligible to Adopt
3. Be Matched with a Child
4. Adopt the Child in Bangladesh
5. Apply for the Child to be Found Eligible for Adoption
6. Bring Your Child Home
Choose an Adoption Service Provider
The first step in adopting a child is usually to select a licensed agency in the United States that can help with your adoption. Adoption service providers must be licensed by the U.S. state in which they operate.
There are no adoption agencies in Bangladesh; however, there are at least 25,000 lawyers in Bangladesh who may initiate guardianship proceedings. Prospective guardians who choose to work with U.S. adoption service providers in the context of obtaining guardianship of Bangladeshi children are advised to fully research any adoption agency or facilitator they plan to use.
Apply to be Found Eligible to Adopt
To bring an adopted child from Bangladesh to the United States, you must apply to be found eligible to adopt (Form I-600A) by the U.S. Government, Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
In addition to meeting the U.S. requirements for adoptive parents, you need to meet the requirements of Bangladesh as described in the Who Can Adopt section.
Be Matched with a Child
In generally, if you are eligible to adopt, and a child is available for intercountry adoption, the central adoption authority will provide you with a referral to a child. Each family must decide for itself whether or not it will be able to meet the needs of a particular child and provide a permanent family placement for the referred child. In the case of Bangladesh, after the biological parents have signed a release of the child, an application for legal guardianship must be made to the Family Court. In Bangladesh, the Family Court has sole jurisdiction over family matters.The child must be eligible to be adopted according to Bangladesh's requirements, as described in the Who Can be Adopted section. The child must also meet the definition of an orphan under U.S. law.
Adopt the Child (or Gain Legal Custody) in-country
The process for finalizing the adoption (or gaining legal custody) in Bangladesh generally includes the following:
o Role of the Adoption Authority: The Family Court has sole jurisdiction over family matters.
o Role of the Court: The Family Court is located in all districts of Bangladesh. If the applicant needs to contact the Family Court, he/she may contact the concerned Desk Officer or dealing section of the Family Court in person. The Family Court reviews the character and capacity of the proposed guardian in considering the welfare of the minor.
o Role of Adoption Agencies: There are no adoption agencies in Bangladesh.
o Adoption Application: The application for legal guardianship must be made to the Family Court.
o Time Frame: There is no set time frame for completing legal guardianship in Bangladesh. The following are some rough estimates on the processing times for specific stages of the process:
o Processing time at an Orphanage - three days to one month
o Processing time at Family Court - one to three months
o Processing time at the Ministry of Home Affairs - 15 days to two months
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