The issues facing the present economic downturn are not necessarily the same that existed during the great depression and therefore the outcome may not be the same. The US workers' compensation system, a patchwork of State programs, is seriously being challenged during the present tough economic times. The past does identify a pattern that may require similar solutions.
It has been reported that the US government is contributing vast sums to bring the economy out of the ditch. "In the last year, the government has assumed about $7.8 trillion in direct and indirect financial obligations. That is equal to about half the size of the nation's entire economy and far eclipses the $700 billion that Congress authorized for the Treasury's financial rescue plan."
The Great Depression
Workers' compensation is not necessarily an anti-cyclical market. It is a political entrenched program. The present economic crisis will change the social and economic fabric of the country. "....the most troublesome unknowns are how the maze of protections for investors and consumers will change economic and political behavior in the future." The NY Times reported that levels of unemployment may reach 10%, a number used to define a depression.
During The Great Depression the US workers' compensation system had an additional unique challenge confronting it. Silicosis claims were challenging Industry with uncertain economic outcomes. The insurance industry rushed to the rescue by advocating that silicosis and other occupational diseases be brought within the umbrella of the workers' compensation system.
World War 2
Activity soared within the workers' compensation arena. The pace continued through the pre and post World War 2 years as the legacy of disease and death continued. Asbestos claims and other toxic tort claims continued the spiral. When workers' compensation was unable to fully compensate the victims, the activity switched to the liability arena and claims proliferated and activity soared. Insurance exhaustion, corporate bankruptcy, an aging workforce, lack of manufacturing in the US and Federal Multi-District litigation. soon lead to a decline litigation activity.
Confronting the present workers' compensation programs are the residual issues generated by the expansion of occupational disease litigation program of the 1930's. Cost shifting from workers' compensation to other programs has resulted in workers' compensation system becoming a collection agency and has resulted in bureaucratic stagnation. Occupational disease claims created major cost shifting of medical costs to other systems including: temporary disability benefits, major medical and Medicare and Medicaid, disability pension and Social Security.
In the 1930's the Federal government though the Department of Labor stepped in to save the system. David Rosner and Gerald Markowitz in their volume, Deadly Dust, point out that without national standards and a uniform approach, the 1930s' system system would not survived that moment in time.
The Need for Federal Action Now
The economic factors of The Great Depression now hover over the present workers' compensation system. The Federal Government now needs to intervene and bail out the State systems and rethink the medical delivery system that has generated tension in medical and reimbursement programs.