The coach called it a "zinger," a "ding," a "bell ringer," or a "good clean shot," but any temporary loss of brain functioning due to a blow to the head is a brain "concussion." Concussions can lead to long-lasting, physical, emotional and cognitive problems.
Billy may be fine, but even a mild traumatic brain injury can effect his school work, personality, and relationships with family and friends. Student athletes who have suffered a concussion should never reenter the game until they have been seen by a medical professional.
I Didn't Black-Out, So I Don't Have a Concussion
Contrary to popular myth, you do not have to lose consciousness to have a concussion. In fact, 90% of patients who suffer concussions never lose consciousness. Recent medical research shows that amnesia (a loss of memory at the time of the injury), and not loss of consciousness, is the main indicator of concussion.
Other symptoms secondary to concussion can include headache, confusion, dizziness, blurry vision, fatigue, mood and personality changes, memory or concentration issues, vomiting, seizures, slurred speech, weakness or numbness of the extremities, agitation or irritability, and impulse control issues.
You should always seek medical help promptly if suffering from any of these symptoms following a head injury.
It's Only a Concussion - I'll Be Fine
Unfortunately, many people don't understand that even a mild concussion can change the way your brain normally sends and receives information.
The human brain contains approximately 100 billion brain cells called neurons, which connect to each other through mechanical and chemical pathways. When these pathways are interrupted following a brain injury, the brain's ability to process information is degraded. Even a mild concussion can permanently affect your life, making work or school difficult, damaging your personal relationships, and perhaps requiring long-term care and treatment.
The MRI or CT Scan was Normal, so I Wasn't Hurt
CT scans and MRI's are amazing diagnostic tools, but they cannot detect a concussion. In fact, if anything abnormal does show up on a CT or MRI, by definition you don't have a concussion. You have something much more serious, such as a subdural hematoma or a focal brain lesion.
I Don't Need to See My Doctor. I'm Fine
Every concussion should be evaluated, managed, and treated appropriately by a doctor. A concussion should never be taken lightly or ignored.
Concussions symptom can include headache, confusion, dizziness, blurry vision, fatigue, mood and personality changes, memory or concentration issues, vomiting, seizures, slurred speech, weakness or numbness of the extremities, agitation or irritability, and impulse control issues.
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